Mohandas Gandhi used nonviolent civil disobedience during a campaign in 1930 and 1931 to pave the way for Indian independence. His efforts started with the Salt March, which undermined British authority and gave Indians a sense of national solidarity.Know More
To protest the British prohibition on Indians collecting or selling salt, Gandhi conducted his famous Salt March on March 12, 1930. The British not only forced Indians who wanted salt to purchase it from them, but they also leveraged a hefty tax on the commodity. Gandhi believed the march would address the direct issue along with helping to unify Indians, according to History.com. As he marched from Sabarmati to the Arabian Sea, more than 240 miles away, Gandhi spoke to Indians along the way. By the time he reached his destination and plucked natural salt from the sea, he had inspired thousands to follow. British police arrested 60,000 people for violating the salt laws.
According to the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict, the Salt March did not gain concessions from the British toward Indian independence, but it did inspire the Indian people to think of their country as one large, unified whole.
Gandhi continued to lead nonviolent protests, eventually gaining the attention of the British government. According to History.com, British leaders believed that Gandhi was too prolific to ignore. They gave India its independence in 1947. A Hindu extremist assassinated Gandhi not quite six months later.Learn more about Modern Asia
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Mahatma Gandhi headed India's movement for independence by challenging the British not with violence and weapons, but with peaceful protests and stirring inspirational speeches. Gandhi shared his vision of civilization when he said "An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind."Full Answer >
The most important events in the life of Mahatma Gandhi centered around his fight for India's independence. In 1930, in perhaps his most important show of disobedience, he walked 200 miles to the sea to get salt as a symbolic act of rebellion against Great Britain's monopoly on salt.Full Answer >
Known for non-violent civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent political and spiritual leader of India during the nation's struggle for independence from Great Britain. Gandhi assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1922 after organizing farmers, urban laborers and peasants in protests against discrimination and excessive land taxes. His continuing efforts toward achieving independence ultimately led to England transferring power to a partitioned India in 1947.Full Answer >
The young Gandhi was a small, quiet boy who disliked sports and was an average student. When he was 6 years old, Gandhi went to school in Porbandar, where he had difficulty learning to multiply. The following year, his family moved to Rajkot, where he remained a mediocre student. At the age of 13, he married Kasturbai, a girl his own age.Full Answer >