The Great Basin Indians ate seeds, nuts, berries, roots, bulbs, cattails, grasses, deer, bison, rabbits, elk, insects, lizards, salmon, trout and perch. The specific foods varied, depending on the tribe and where they were located in the Great Basin.Know More
The Utes made up one of the biggest and oldest tribes in the Great Basin. They ranged throughout the mountains of Colorado and Utah and through the plains and deserts of Wyoming, Nevada, New Mexico and Arizona.
This tribe lived mostly off of berries, including gooseberries, chokecherries, raspberries and buffalo berries. They squeezed the berries for juice, then used the pulp to make cakes and other dishes. Then they also ate the roots of yampa and lily plants. They gathered the seeds from the amaranth plant and ate them raw, in soups, dried or as a cereal. They even found nutritional value in trees and cacti. With trees, especially the ponderosa pine, they peeled away the tough, outer bark and ate the soft, inner bark. They plucked off the fruit and flower of the prickly pear cactus, removed the spines and boiled or roasted them. When the Utes were not gathering food, they were hunting it. They trapped small game and hunted antelope, elk and deer.Learn more about US History
The diet of the Plains Indians primarily consisted of buffalo meat supplemented with other meats, berries, seeds and edible roots. Some specific foods consumed by these Native Americans included plums, turnips, Camas bulbs, chokecherries and currants, as well as venison, duck, elk and rabbit.Full Answer >
Until the Cheyenne Indians acquired horses, they ate fruits and vegetables they farmed on their lands once they got horses, they began following migrating buffalo herds and ate buffalo when necessary. Both men and women participated in buffalo hunts, but usually only the women cooked.Full Answer >
The Cahuilla Indians ate soups of mashed acorns, breads of mashed acorns, pine nuts, grass seeds, berries, roots, cactus fruits, birds, rabbits and lizards. The Cahuilla Indians focused on gathering plant food and hunting animals for food rather than farming.Full Answer >
The Caddo Indians ate a varied number of foods, including corn, pumpkin, deer, turkey and bison. The Caddo people also fished the river that ran between their tribes. They were also able to cultivate shellfish from the river.Full Answer >