The Great Depression affected Alabama by devastating farming businesses and the manufacturing industries in larger cities such as Birmingham. The beginning of the Great Depression as far as Alabama is concerned had no official start date. Many things led up to the financial devastation, and some historians believe that the boll weevil infestation of 1920 was the catalyst that led to the area's harsh economic fall.Know More
The boll weevil infestation affected around 207,000 cotton farms, most of which were run by tenant farmers. Because the weevils were destroying the cotton crops, cotton stock prices fell drastically.
As time went on, employment in the non-farming industries plummeted. For example, Birmingham went from having 100,000 people employed full-time to only 15,000 in a short period.
Even though there were many charitable organizations trying to help the people of Alabama between 1929 and 1933, they were overwhelmed by the sheer number of people who needed them.
To add to the problem, the L&N railroad expelled 27,200 transients from the state who were illegally riding freight trains. This action tore apart families because nearly half of those people were in their teens. They were found trying to either leave the state or enter via train by detectives working for the railroad.Learn more about US History
During the majority of the Great Depression, the President of the United States of America was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. However, the Great Depression began in 1929, when Herbert Hoover was in office. Franklin Roosevelt did not assume the presidency until 1933.Full Answer >
According to the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, the Great Depression was a worldwide occurrence that affected the majority of market-oriented countries, in particular those that were in adherence to the gold standard. The U.S. stock market crash of 1929 precipitated the worldwide Great Depression.Full Answer >
The Great Depression caused many people to lose their sources of income and become impoverished. Birth rates dropped because people could not afford to care for children, and divorce rates dropped because people could not afford legal fees. Many couples postponed weddings due to a lack of finances.Full Answer >
During the Great Depression, minorities were faced with heightened discrimination in employment, denial of service at relief centers and increased violence against African-Americans in the South. Many "New Deal" laws did not provide equal rights for minorities; in fact, the "New Deal" was known as the "Raw Deal" among minorities.Full Answer >