All the ancient Greek city-states had a common culture, religion and language. Outsiders who did not speak Greek were considered to be barbarians.Know More
The ancient Greeks shared a common heritage. Despite this, each of the city-states or "poleis" was an independent political unit with its own laws, customs, money and military force.
The geography of Greece played a key role in the development of city-states. The country was surrounded by the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas which provided the Greeks with easy access to water. Its mountainous regions led to the formation of unique and independent city-states. The most prominent Greek city-states were Athens and Sparta.Learn more about Ancient Greece
The mountainous physical geography of Greece helped create several city-states which led to the formation of Athenian democracy, as opposed to a monarchy that ruled over the entire country. Isolated valleys, numerous islands and the Mediterranean Sea influenced the Greeks' choices regarding the settlement of the land.Full Answer >
None of the original Greek masks have survived time to be studied, but records indicate that the masks were made from organic materials like stiffened linen, bark, wood or leaves. The masks that exist today are made of terracotta and were not worn by actors. The terracotta versions were put outside the theaters for decorations or were put on temples as offerings to the gods.Full Answer >
Ancient Greek coins are most commonly referred to as drachmas. Around the eighth century B.C., the majority of the ancient Greek city-states began to move away from a barter system to the use of silver coins called drachmas. Drachma means "a handful."Full Answer >
Ancient Greek theatre grew out of festivals honoring the gods and goddesses. Around 700 BC, at the same time ancient Athens rose to political and military power, it became the cultural center of the festival of Dionsysis, god of wine and religious ecstasies. Out of the Dionysia developed three dramatic genres: tragedy in the late 6th century BC, comedy in 486 BC and the satyr play.Full Answer >