President Harry S. Truman oversaw the surrender of German troops, ordered the bombing of Japan and ratified the charter that established the United Nations. Although President Roosevelt put many of the policies that led to the end of the war in place before his death, Truman is credited with ending World War II.Know More
In April 1945, President Truman accepted the surrender of German troops and ended the war in Europe. In July, he traveled to Potsdam to meet with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin to decide Germany's fate. While they agreed that the country should be occupied and demilitarized, the three leaders were unable to agree on a singular policy regarding reparations, settling on dividing Germany into east and west zones.
By August 1945, Truman turned his attention to the Pacific and ordered atomic bombs dropped on Japan, thus ending the war and preventing the massive American military casualties that would have been the result of an invasion. Some historians argue that the bombs also served as a message to Stalin, warning him against acting aggressively during post-war negotiations.
Truman joined the leaders of 50 other nations and signed the charter that established the United Nations, solidifying it as a global organization dedicated to maintaining peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international co-operation and promoting human rights and international freedom.Learn more about US History
The Gulf War lasted from January 12, 1991 through March 6, 1991, when the United Nations announced an end to the war. The Gulf War was caused when Iraq invaded the small country of Kuwait in 1990 and refused to end the occupation.Full Answer >
World War II resulted in many far-reaching and long-term effects on the course of history, some of which included a major rearrangement of the power balance between nations, the beginning of the Atomic Age and the Cold War, the end of colonial empires and the rise of nationalism within former colonies, the creation of the United Nations and the European Union, numerous border changes and a restrengthening of the United States economy which had been previously debilitated by the Great Depression. The balance of power shifted to two major post-war alliances: NATO, which was led by the United States, and the Warsaw Pact led by the Soviet Union. This resulted in the Cold War power struggle and the eruption of several proxy wars, such as the Vietnam Conflict.Full Answer >
Some of the long-term effects of World War II were the division of Germany into two separate states, the destruction of numerous European and Asian cities, a major realignment of political power into Western and Soviet factions, the creation of the United Nations, a strengthening of corporate power and the beginning of a period of increased prosperity in the United States. Two key results of World War II were the formalization of post-war alliances through NATO and the Warsaw Pact, and the beginning of a nuclear arms race between the two factions. In the Middle East, the partition plan for Palestine formulated by the United Nations led to the creation of the state of Israel and a heightening of the conflict with neighboring Arab countries.Full Answer >
Franklin Roosevelt was president when World War II began and remained president until his death in April of 1945, at which time Harry Truman took over. Truman was president for almost the last five months of the war.Full Answer >