According to Zahi Hawass, the former secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, Hatshepsut died of bone cancer that had metastasized throughout her body. However, some scientists are still skeptical because of doubts about her mummy.
Hatshepsut was a powerful queen of ancient Egypt who ruled in the 15th century B.C. However, when she died, her son went on a determined campaign to eradicate her memory from Egypt, destroying inscriptions, monuments and documents that mentioned her. When archaeologists found her tomb, it was looted and empty, but they did find a mummy in the tomb of Sitre In, a wet nurse. However, according to Reuters, that mummy is missing a tooth that matches a tooth known to belong to Hatshepsut, and DNA evidence indicates a connection with Egypt's pharaonic line. If this mummy is hers, Hatshepsut also suffered from diabetes, obesity and bad teeth.Learn More
Although conclusive evidence is lacking, some scholars agree that the Great Sphinx of Giza was constructed during the reign of the pharaoh Khafra, from 2520 to 2494 B.C. Dissenting Egyptologists suggest that the statue was erected by Khafra's father, Khufu, between 2589 and 2566 B.C.Full Answer >
Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt. The book of Exodus says that the Lord had Moses lead the people of Israel. Moses used a staff to split the Red Sea, so they could pass through safely.Full Answer >
Most times, ancient Egyptian pharaohs wore fine linen aprons or kilts, known as a shendyt. To display their power, prestige and association with the gods, pharaohs wore different clothes than the nobles and common people. First found in the 4th Dynasty, these kilts were covered with fine accordion pleating and wrapped counter-clockwise around the king's body. On their feet, pharaohs wore elaborate sandals made of feathers.Full Answer >
The first Pharaoh of Egypt was Menes, who is also sometimes referred to as Narmer. He lived around 2925 BCE, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.Full Answer >