According to Zahi Hawass, the former secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, Hatshepsut died of bone cancer that had metastasized throughout her body. However, some scientists are still skeptical because of doubts about her mummy.
Hatshepsut was a powerful queen of ancient Egypt who ruled in the 15th century B.C. However, when she died, her son went on a determined campaign to eradicate her memory from Egypt, destroying inscriptions, monuments and documents that mentioned her. When archaeologists found her tomb, it was looted and empty, but they did find a mummy in the tomb of Sitre In, a wet nurse. However, according to Reuters, that mummy is missing a tooth that matches a tooth known to belong to Hatshepsut, and DNA evidence indicates a connection with Egypt's pharaonic line. If this mummy is hers, Hatshepsut also suffered from diabetes, obesity and bad teeth.Learn More
Ancient Egyptians' diet varied depending upon their social status, but it was likely that the ancient Egyptians all consumed the staples of bread and beer. Dates, vegetables, and pickled and salted fish were also available to the peasants, whereas a wider range of food was consumed by the wealthier citizens. Wine and meat were enjoyed by everyone on special feast days, although the wealthy were able to indulge more often.Full Answer >
For centuries, four million tons of nutrient rich silt were deposited on the farmland forming the floodplain of the Nile River Valley, making the soil an ideal growing medium for plants to provide food for the people living in the surrounding area. While flooding was beneficial to farming, it brought other difficulties, and in 1889, the first Aswan Dam was built to bring flood control.Full Answer >
Some of the ancient Egyptian artisans included sculptors, painters, weavers, metalworkers, jewelers, scribes, carpenters, stone workers and potters. These craftsmen were skilled and played an important role in the ancient community.Full Answer >
Cleopatra is an iconic figure of ancient Egypt for a variety of reasons, according to BBC History. She was the last queen of ancient Egypt, formed alliances with Roman leaders and took her own life in a final act of defiance against the Roman Empire.Full Answer >