Henry VIII broke away from the Catholic Church so that he could divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, and marry his lover Anne Boleyn.Know More
The year was 1527, and Henry VIII wanted a male heir. Unfortunately, his wife was too old to bear a child, so he needed a new wife. At the time, divorce was not allowed in the Catholic Church, and if Henry got a divorce without the pope's permission, he could be excommunicated or kicked out of the church – a fate that would ultimately lead to an eternity in hell.
Henry asked the pope for a dispensation to get a divorce, but the pope would not grant him that. In response, Henry asked the archbishop of Canterbury to grant him a divorce, and the bishop had no choice but to comply. The pope was appalled, but Henry just used the occasion to split away from the Catholic Church and to establish the Church of England.
The break away from the Catholic Church had far reaching consequences, and it subverted the current world order. Prior to the break from the Catholic Church, the commonly accepted hierarchy was God, pope, king, but Henry thrust himself between the pope and God in a move that was unprecedented. Ultimately, the break opened the door for the Protestant Reformation to enter England, but that movement did not gain speed in the country until after Henry's death during the reign of Edward VII.Learn more about Renaissance & Reformation
The full name of Henry VIII was Henry Tudor. He was the son of Henry VII and Elizabeth York, and was born on June 28, 1491 at Greenwich Palace.Full Answer >
There has never been an exact cause of death listed for King Henry VIII. Available information from the time leads to the assumption that he died of chronic heart and pulmonary failure.Full Answer >
King Henry VIII of England had six wives, only one of whom survived the king's death. Two wives were executed, one died during child birth, and two marriages were annulled. These women were named, in order of marriage: Catherine of Aragon (marriage annulled), Anne Boleyn (executed), Jane Seymour (died in childbirth), Anne of Cleves (marriage annulled), Catherine Howard (executed) and Catherine Parr (survived).Full Answer >
Henry VIII converted England to Protestantism for one critical reason: he needed to secure a divorce from his first wife in order to remarry. All of the king's efforts in this regard were trained on the ultimate goal of obtaining a marriage that produced a son and viable heir.Full Answer >