Dwellings constructed of mud bricks offered the Hopi and Pueblo Native Americans durable, well-insulated and water-resistant homes. Mud bricks are called adobe.
Adobe bricks consist of clay and straw formed into bricks, then dried in the sun. These bricks are then used to construct the house. Clay is then used to cement the structure and an outer seal.
Adobe construction offered many advantages in a warm, sunny climate that had no materials used to construct other Native American homes, such as grass for grass houses, bark for longhouses or lumber for plank houses. The dry conditions in the American Southwest helped to dry the bricks quickly.
This technique offered many practical advantages in the finished product. Adobe is fireproof and durable. Because the bricks shrink as they dry, they do not shrink later, which is the cause of wear and damage seen in other types of bricks. Additionally, they regulate heat well and offer excellent sound insulation. Adobe is also water resistant.
Adobe construction fit the lifestyle of the Hopi and Pueblo tribes as well. Because they weren't a nomadic people and stayed in one place for long periods of time, their houses were built to last. This is in contrast to teepees of the Plains tribes, for example, which were ready to be broken down and moved elsewhere at any time.Learn More
Mud bricks are made from a mixture of soil, water and straw that are mixed together and kneaded before being set into molds and allowed to dry. Materials needed include topsoil, water, straw, sand and a mold in the shape of the bricks you wish to create. The entire process to create mud bricks takes about two weeks.Full Answer >
The Hopi Indians were farmers, subsisting off of corn, beans and squash while raising turkeys as livestock. Antelope, deer and small game supplemented this basic diet, as did nuts, fruits and herbs. During famines, the Hopi Indians ate dried greens, cactus fruits, berries, currants and roses.Full Answer >
The Hopi Indians have been Arizona natives for thousands of years. Today, they reside primarily on the Hopi reservation in the northeastern part of the state, which is surrounded entirely by the larger Navajo reservation.Full Answer >
The Pueblo Indians' arts and crafts include pottery, baskets, weaving, stone carvings and heishi jewelry. All of these arts are created in unique styles that the different Pueblo peoples have developed from their culture and religion, many of them unchanged for centuries.Full Answer >