Diet for the Incan people during the Incan civilization period between the 13th and 16th centuries was predominantly made up of roots and grains, such as potatoes, maize and oca, as well as meat from llamas, alpacas, guinea pigs and dried fish. For sauces and spices, the Incan people used an edible clay called pasa as well as chille peppers, which were an important ingredient in some Incan recipes.Know More
Aside from potatoes and maize, the Incas also consumed other vegetables on a limited basis, such as a starchy root called ullucu as well as a starchy root with a sweet taste called Achira. Certain seaweed species also made their way into the Incas' diet, and it was eaten fresh or dried for later consumption.
In terms of meat, the Guinea pig, known as Cuy for the Incas, was very popular among the general population, as they multiplied quickly and were easy to domesticate. Larger domesticated animals, like the llama, were eaten by the nobles and consumed before they were three years old. The Inca Emperor and his family had access to freshly-delivered fish from the coast of the Incan Empire as well as wild ducks.
Several types of fish and sea animals were also part of the diet for Incan people living on the coast, including bonito, sharks and penguins.Learn More
The Incas settled in the Andes Mountains and on the Pacific coast of South America. They settled the area between 13,000 and 10,000 BC.Full Answer >
Inca houses were made from stone blocks and they had angled, thatched roofs. The Incas used mainly granite stones, because it was a hard, sturdy building material.Full Answer >
The Incan Empire was conquered by the Spanish, led by Francisco Pizarro and his brothers, between 1532 and 1572. Though the Incas resisted, they were weakened by smallpox and civil war, which helped the Spanish defeat them and subsequently destroy much of their culture.Full Answer >
The clothing worn by Incas was determined by their status. Officials wore knee-length tunics adorned with pictures and symbols depicting their standing. The poorest members of the society wore plain clothing. The ruler of the Inca Empire, known as the Sapa Inca, wore a hat made of gold, an embroidered tunic covered in jewels, slippers made of fur or cloth, and a translucent cloth over his face.Full Answer >