Diet for the Incan people during the Incan civilization period between the 13th and 16th centuries was predominantly made up of roots and grains, such as potatoes, maize and oca, as well as meat from llamas, alpacas, guinea pigs and dried fish. For sauces and spices, the Incan people used an edible clay called pasa as well as chille peppers, which were an important ingredient in some Incan recipes.Know More
Aside from potatoes and maize, the Incas also consumed other vegetables on a limited basis, such as a starchy root called ullucu as well as a starchy root with a sweet taste called Achira. Certain seaweed species also made their way into the Incas' diet, and it was eaten fresh or dried for later consumption.
In terms of meat, the Guinea pig, known as Cuy for the Incas, was very popular among the general population, as they multiplied quickly and were easy to domesticate. Larger domesticated animals, like the llama, were eaten by the nobles and consumed before they were three years old. The Inca Emperor and his family had access to freshly-delivered fish from the coast of the Incan Empire as well as wild ducks.
Several types of fish and sea animals were also part of the diet for Incan people living on the coast, including bonito, sharks and penguins.Learn more about Ancient America
The Incas did not have writing in the traditional sense. Rather, they used a series of knotted braids called khipu for bookkeeping and recording information.Full Answer >
Some of the major accomplishments of the Incas included their inventions, such as the flute, drum and Inca calendar. Culturally, Incas were also adept in creating pottery and cloth, and politically they are known for integrating imperial policies with ethnic diversity, which was way ahead of its time.Full Answer >
According to The Biography Channel, Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro was able to defeat the Inca easily because the Incans were embroiled in their own civil war and suffering from the smallpox epidemic, both of which had dramatically weakened the Incan empire. This made it easy for Pizzaro to take the last Incan Emperor, Atahuallpa, prisoner and execute him, paving the way for complete conquest.Full Answer >
Because the Algonquian peoples were made up of many distinct nations (Algonquian, Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cree to name only a few), dress would vary from tribe to tribe. However, there were some significant similarities, particularly in the wearing of moccasins as footwear (both men and women) and the use of breechcloths with leather leggings for men.Full Answer >