The Industrial Revolution made machine-based manufacturing more common, and increased the population and average income. Instead of farming, people came to cities to work. Women and children worked in factories as well.
Factories were not regulated by the government, so they could treat their workers however they wanted. Workers demanded better conditions, and eventually governments passed laws to regulate companies. This started in England with the Health and Morals of Apprentices Act of 1802. It limited work to 12 hours per day and required employers to provide education, clothing and a place to live. Today, many countries ban child labor and require companies to pay a minimum wage. Companies must also keep conditions safe for workers.Learn More
The Industrial Revolution brought several important changes to the field of education by making education accessible for children of all socioeconomic backgrounds and setting laws making education a requirement. Prior to the 1800s, the accessibility of education to children was spotty. Children born into wealthy families often had access to education, while children from impoverished families did not.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the late 1700s. Britain's abundance of coal and iron is one of the main factors in the country becoming the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.Full Answer >
According to T.S. Ashton and several other historians, the beginning of the era that ended in the 1850s is marked by the invention of Hargreaves' spinning jenny in the 1760s. The precise dates are not universally accepted, though.Full Answer >
There is no single cause of the Industrial Revolution, although it came into being through a combination of science, technology and demand of products. Additionally, there may be differences in situations between the Industrial Revolution in different countries.Full Answer >