Most Irish immigrants who made their way to America settled in cities along the Eastern seaboard. After 1846, when almost all of the people leaving Ireland were rural Catholics fleeing the effects of the Great Potato Famine, Boston and New York received them in the greatest numbers.Know More
During the 1840s, around half of the immigrants arriving in the United States came from Ireland. According to the 1890 census, 483,000 Irish lived in the state of New York, with 190,000 living in New York City, while 260,000 Irish settled in Massachusetts. Chicago's 1890 population of 79,000 Irish attests to the westward movement of the population.
A smaller wave of protestant Scots-Irish, who were Scottish settlers who had been given land to farm in the northern parts of Ireland, had immigrated to America during the 1700s. They settled in more rural areas of Virginia, Pennsylvania and Carolina.
Altogether, more than 34 million Americans report Irish ancestry. The high populations of Irish-Americans who live in many East Coast communities reflect the legacy of these early settlers. According to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey from 2012, around 24 percent of the population of Boston is of Irish ancestry, while more than 45 percent of the people living in the Breezy Point neighborhood of Queens, New York claim descent from Irish immigrants.Learn more in US History
An example of nativism is when Irish immigrants came to the U.S. during the Potato Famine in the mid-1800s and petitions were filed to the government to limit their right to vote. Nativism is a belief that protects the interests of local inhabitants over those that migrate to the land.Full Answer >
Historically, the national government of Mexico encouraged settlers in present-day Texas to settle in that region because of the anticipated prosperity and economic development the new population would bring. The movement of Americans, called Anglo-American settlers, into Texas began with the encouragement of the Spanish government. Spain responded to a request from an impoverished Missouri resident, Moses Austin, in 1820 to purchase a large parcel of land in Texas to persuade Americans to relocate.Full Answer >
Colonial Maryland was primarily settled by Puritan and Catholic followers, who were encouraged to settle there by leaders in England. The two groups were encouraged to live together in the same area, although precautions were made to try to prevent friction between the Puritan majority and Catholic minority.Full Answer >
President Theodore Roosevelt initially invited the coal miners' union representatives and the mine owners to meet to settle the Coal Strike of 1902 because the nation needed coal to provide heat in the coming winter. When the two sides refused to negotiate, he threatened to use soldiers to man the mines during the strike, and the loss of money for both sides brought them back to negotiations. The coal miners knew they would lose wages while the soldiers were operating the mines, and the coal mine owners would also not make any money, and so they agreed to accept the results of an arbitration commission.Full Answer >