Most Irish immigrants who made their way to America settled in cities along the Eastern seaboard. After 1846, when almost all of the people leaving Ireland were rural Catholics fleeing the effects of the Great Potato Famine, Boston and New York received them in the greatest numbers.Know More
During the 1840s, around half of the immigrants arriving in the United States came from Ireland. According to the 1890 census, 483,000 Irish lived in the state of New York, with 190,000 living in New York City, while 260,000 Irish settled in Massachusetts. Chicago's 1890 population of 79,000 Irish attests to the westward movement of the population.
A smaller wave of protestant Scots-Irish, who were Scottish settlers who had been given land to farm in the northern parts of Ireland, had immigrated to America during the 1700s. They settled in more rural areas of Virginia, Pennsylvania and Carolina.
Altogether, more than 34 million Americans report Irish ancestry. The high populations of Irish-Americans who live in many East Coast communities reflect the legacy of these early settlers. According to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey from 2012, around 24 percent of the population of Boston is of Irish ancestry, while more than 45 percent of the people living in the Breezy Point neighborhood of Queens, New York claim descent from Irish immigrants.Learn more about US History
French immigrants came to America first as individuals seeking the freedom of the new United States, then following the Gold Rush, and later fleeing late 19th-century hardships in France. There was never a mass migration of French immigrants, but rather influxes of small groups and individuals.Full Answer >
An example of nativism is when Irish immigrants came to the U.S. during the Potato Famine in the mid-1800s and petitions were filed to the government to limit their right to vote. Nativism is a belief that protects the interests of local inhabitants over those that migrate to the land.Full Answer >
Colonial Maryland was primarily settled by Puritan and Catholic followers, who were encouraged to settle there by leaders in England. The two groups were encouraged to live together in the same area, although precautions were made to try to prevent friction between the Puritan majority and Catholic minority.Full Answer >
Historically, the national government of Mexico encouraged settlers in present-day Texas to settle in that region because of the anticipated prosperity and economic development the new population would bring. The movement of Americans, called Anglo-American settlers, into Texas began with the encouragement of the Spanish government. Spain responded to a request from an impoverished Missouri resident, Moses Austin, in 1820 to purchase a large parcel of land in Texas to persuade Americans to relocate.Full Answer >