Isaac Newton became famous for his numerous contributions to science and mathematics, most notably his discovery and outlining of the laws of motion in physics and the invention of calculus in mathematics. Newton published various works that became well known among scholars during his lifetime, and his influence continued to remain significant centuries after his death.Know More
The basic laws of motion discovered by Newton centuries ago still hold value for those studying physics. The laws of motion describe the relationship between an object and the forces acting upon it, and how these forces affect the motion of the object. There are three laws of motion described by Newton: an object at rest remains at rest unless acted on by an external force, or an object in motion remains in motion unless acted on by an external force; the motion of an object changes proportionally to the force applied, where force equals mass times acceleration; and when one object acts upon a second object, the second object simultaneously reacts with an equal amount of force in a direction opposite to the first object.
Isaac Newton is also credited with inventing calculus, which he used in calculating the motion of celestial bodies in his studies. However, another mathematician, Leibniz, also published works about calculus during the same time period, so a controversy exists as to which person should be credited with its invention. Since both men used different methods to develop similar ideas regarding calculus, it's generally accepted that both men developed an understanding of calculus independent of each other.Learn More
The Victorian era lasted 20 years and began on June, 20 1837. The era ended an Jan. 22, 1901. The Victorian era occurred in British history and took place during the reign of Queen Victoria.Full Answer >
The existence of powerful commerce-based city-states in Italy during the late 1300s gave birth to a wealthy and well-educated aristocratic class ready to focus attention and lend financial backing to artists and thinkers involved in reviving Classical art and philosophy. These artists, thinkers and wealthy Italian patrons felt less pressured to interpret and filter the contributions of the Classical world though the restrictive lens of medieval Christianity. This resulted in the rebirth of Classical art and thought known as the Renaissance; a comparatively more secular than ecclesiastical outlook that represents a perspective now referred to as Humanism.Full Answer >
In England, an Act of Parliament backed by Oliver Cromwell effectively put a ban on Christmas from 1647 to 1660. This ban was met with uproar, and people continued to celebrate Christmas in secret in spite of the ban.Full Answer >
The Old Deluder Act was a piece of legislation written into the Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England in 1647. As explained by Mass Moments, the Act required any Massachusetts town with more than 50 households to appoint a town teacher. Towns with more than 100 households were required to set up a grammar school for the town's children.Full Answer >