When Muslims invaded Spain and conquered the Iberian Peninsula, they brought with them a culture of education and tolerance as well as architectural and culinary influences. Most notably, Muslim Spain was the first region of Europe where Christians, Jews and Muslims lived side by side without significant religious strife.Know More
After the fall of the Roman Empire, European civilization underwent a period of strife and uncertainty that slowed the pace of scientific and cultural progression for hundreds of years. The Middle East suffered no such calamity, so when Muslim forces entered Spain in 711 A.D., the culture they brought was substantially different than the one they dominated. Muslim colleges would serve as the basis for later centers of learning, such as Oxford and Cambridge universities, and much of the literature and learning of the Greeks returned to Europe through the Muslim conquest.
The Muslim conquest brought new crops such as eggplant and peppers into Europe as well as new musical instruments such as the guitar. Muslim architecture heavily influenced Spanish construction during this period and for centuries afterward. Middle Eastern textile production was also re-introduced to Europe, and the trade brought by Arabic caravans into the region spread spices and exotic goods throughout the continent.Learn more about Middle Ages
The Reconquista refers to the gradual reclamation of the Iberian Peninsula by the Christians following the Islamic conquest. It began in the 8th century and lasted approximately 700 years. The term is also occasionally used to describe the increasing Mexican population in the southwestern United States.Full Answer >
Spain is at 40 degrees latitude and 4 degrees longitude on the Iberian Peninsula. It is in southwest Europe and borders France, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. It also borders the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the Bay of Biscay and the Pyrenees mountain range.Full Answer >
The decline of feudalism was brought about by its own success. The system allowed for a new era of wealth and prosperity within Europe. However, this progress allowed people held back by the system to achieve a better standard of living.Full Answer >
Two major effects of the Crusades were that the kings' authority increased and the Europeans learned about new things from the Muslims they encountered. During the Crusades, the kings increased taxes to fund the cause. Many peasants also left their land to fight, and when they died, the land went to the king. With large amounts of money and land coming in, the kings gained power.Full Answer >