Q:

What did John Wyatt invent?

A:

Quick Answer

Inventor John Wyatt, based in Birmingham, England, during the early to mid-18th century, was responsible for two innovations: the roller spinning machine and the compound-lever, or loaded wagon, weighing machine. Of these, he is best remembered for the roller spinning machine, which he co-created with Lewis Paul and patented in 1738.

Know More

Full Answer

Powered by donkeys, the design incorporated two sets of rollers spinning at different speeds in order to draw out thin wool fibers to spin. The machine was reasonably successful up until around 1741, after which Wyatt and Paul were declared bankrupt.

In the end, the problem was a simple matter of the machine's unreliability. Despite a wealthy mill owner's investment in five of the pair's roller spinning machines, the invention was ultimately a failure and did not catch on.

Wyatt and Paul nevertheless endeavored to improve the functionality of their invention, even taking out a second patent in 1758. This was 2 years after Wyatt had been imprisoned for debt.

Perhaps ironically, considering Wyatt's suffering, it is likely that the idea was originally Paul's, and that Wyatt simply contributed his engineering expertise to the project. In any case, despite the shortcomings of their invention, it greatly influenced the later, more successful creation of the water frame by Richard Arkwright.

Learn more about Inventions

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What did John Kay invent?

    A:

    In 1733, John Kay invented the flying shuttle, a device that allowed weavers to weave faster. The original shuttle required two weavers to throw it, but since the flying shuttle was operated by a lever, it required just one weaver.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What did John Dalton invent?

    A:

    John Dalton is best known for pioneering modern atomic theory. Though the idea of atoms has been around for quite some time, Dalton continued countless scientific work and created what is now called Dalton's law.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why did John Logie Baird invent television?

    A:

    According to a BBC history article, John Logie Baird invented television because for many decades it had been a preoccupation of many scientists and inventors, and he had the natural ingenuity to accomplish the task. A biography of John Baird on Virtual Scotland, the official Scottish tourist website, further states that Baird's success was due to his perseverance in both the experimental and business phases of the project.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Did Anna Baldwin invent the milking machine?

    A:

    Anna Baldwin developed an early suction milking machine that paved the way for a revolution in dairy farming practices. Though her invention was important, contemporary industrial milking machines differ from Baldwin's design.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore