The Keating Owen Child Labor Act of 1916 aimed to prevent the exploitation of children by banning the sale and shipment of goods produced by workers under age 16 in mines and under age 14 in factories, canneries and stores. The act also restricted children under 16 from working more than eight hours daily between 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. and limited them to a six-day workweek.Know More
The act was inspired by a census in 1900, which reported that roughly two million children were employed in the United States, exposing them to poor health and environmental conditions. They were typically immigrant children living in poverty and working more than 12 hours a day. The children had a high risk of injuries and illness and sacrificed attending school to help support their families. The act was backed in congress by Representatives Robert Latham Owen and Edward Keating and legalized by President Woodrow Wilson.
To effectively regulate child workers, the act also established a force of inspectors who could perform periodic evaluations without giving notice. The Attorney General and the Secretaries of Labor and Commerce were charged with creating an advisory board to define and update child labor regulations. However, the Supreme Court considered the act unconstitutional because the child labor agenda took advantage of the federal government's powers to regulate interstate trade.Learn more about US History
Other than in specific circumstances, Texas labor law prohibits employing children under the age of 14 or employing children in hazardous occupations, according to the Texas Workforce Commission. Texas law prohibits children under the age of 16 from working more than eight hours per day or 48 hours per week.Full Answer >
Child labor laws in the United States include paying at least the youth minimum wage and not employing children under age 14 for most non-agricultural jobs, notes the U.S. Department of Labor. The Fair Labor Standards Act governs most federal work-related youth laws, but states may set additional labor laws.Full Answer >
According to environmental lawyer Diane Saxe, factories that wish to reduce emissions can practice either pollution prevention or pollution control. Pollution prevention means changing the way a factory operates so that it produces very little or none of a particular pollutant. This usually involves eliminating a certain chemical or material from its operations. Pollution control involves installing equipment that captures pollutants before they enter the environment.Full Answer >
Henry Ford treated his workers with care, having implemented a $5 daily wage for the workers in 1914. The amount was almost twice the rate other car factories paid their workers. Ford believed that increasing the pay would make the workers happier and encourage them to work faster.Full Answer >