Lenin promised "peace, land and bread" to gain popular support during the struggle for political power in Russia after the czar abdicated, according to the History Channel website. In October 1917, the Bolsheviks used such promises to successfully overthrow the provisional government and gain control.Know More
The phrase appealed to the basic needs of the Russian people. World War I was disastrous for Russia. By the end of 1916, around 5 million Russian troops were dead, prisoners of war or missing. The army was poorly commanded and poorly supplied, and morale was low. At home, men, horses and material were requisitioned for the war, and hunger became rampant. Due to shortages caused by the war, protests and food riots broke out in Petrograd, the capital, and in other cities. In addition, the Russian peasant population, who lived and toiled on minuscule amounts of land, saw that rich landowners with large estates continued to thrive at the expense of the poor.
Lenin addressed these concerns in his proclamation. Peace would mean an end to the war with its terrible casualties. Bread would mean relief from the ubiquitous hunger. Land would mean the prospect of self-sufficiency for the peasant population. In the end, none of these promises were kept, although Russia did withdraw from World War I through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in March 1918, about the same time it erupted into a bloody civil war. Food continued to be scarce, and the Bolsheviks eventually confiscated all land and moved peasants onto collective farms.Learn more about Modern Europe
The impact of the Mongol rule in Russia was that the Russian people turned into a highly monastic people, the country was divided and made weaker, it was protected from powerful neighbors such as Hungary and Poland and was kept from western Europe influences such as the Renaissance. The highly monastic people were a direct result of the crushing severity of the Mongol rule that led people to look within themselves for a divine purpose for their suffering.Full Answer >
The Bolsheviks came to power in Russia through a nearly bloodless coup called the October Revolution. This coup occurred in early November 1917, eight months after the February Revolution that had deposed the Russian czar on March 15th and established a republic. Though the Bolsheviks were not the sole party participating in the October Revolution, they led the way and controlled most of the organs of power.Full Answer >
Napoleon's empire collapsed because of the Continental System, the Peninsular War, and the invasion of Russia. These events are widely viewed as three major mistakes that led to the weakening of his rule in Europe.Full Answer >
The Bolshevik Revolution refers to the second revolution that occurred in Russia in October 1917 led by Lenin and the Bolshevik party. The revolution took place on Oct. 25, 1917, and involved Bolshevik troops seizing key locations in the Russian capital of Petrograd from the provisional government.Full Answer >