Q:

Why did Lenin promise "peace, land and bread?"

A:

Lenin promised "peace, land and bread" to gain popular support during the struggle for political power in Russia after the czar abdicated, according to the History Channel website. In October 1917, the Bolsheviks used such promises to successfully overthrow the provisional government and gain control.

The phrase appealed to the basic needs of the Russian people. World War I was disastrous for Russia. By the end of 1916, around 5 million Russian troops were dead, prisoners of war or missing. The army was poorly commanded and poorly supplied, and morale was low. At home, men, horses and material were requisitioned for the war, and hunger became rampant. Due to shortages caused by the war, protests and food riots broke out in Petrograd, the capital, and in other cities. In addition, the Russian peasant population, who lived and toiled on minuscule amounts of land, saw that rich landowners with large estates continued to thrive at the expense of the poor.

Lenin addressed these concerns in his proclamation. Peace would mean an end to the war with its terrible casualties. Bread would mean relief from the ubiquitous hunger. Land would mean the prospect of self-sufficiency for the peasant population. In the end, none of these promises were kept, although Russia did withdraw from World War I through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in March 1918, about the same time it erupted into a bloody civil war. Food continued to be scarce, and the Bolsheviks eventually confiscated all land and moved peasants onto collective farms.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Who was Peter the Great, and what did he do?

    A:

    Peter the Great was the czar of Russia from 1682 to 1725, according to A&E's Biography, and he was responsible for reforming Russia, bringing it into the modern age and setting the stage for Russia to become a world power. Previously, Russia remained isolated from the West and missed out on many of the societal gains that resulted from the Renaissance, a problem Peter corrected during his rule.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were some of the pros and cons of Napoleon's rule in France?

    A:

    While Napoleon Bonaparte's rule brought about positive change for the French people in the form of new technologies and improved economic conditions for the peasantry and middle class, his disastrous campaign against Russia cost the lives of about 500,000 men and forced him to raise taxes while France was also caught up in an industrial and agricultural crisis. The institution of the Napoleonic Code in France and in the conquered territories helped to eventually bring about the growth of a strong bourgeois society in Europe and ended preexisting feudal systems, but growing and debilitating unemployment caused Napoleon to also lose the support of the French people.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why did Napoleon's grand empire collapse?

    A:

    Napoleon's empire collapsed because of the Continental System, the Peninsular War, and the invasion of Russia. These events are widely viewed as three major mistakes that led to the weakening of his rule in Europe.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What happened after the Russian revolution?

    A:

    According to the History Channel, the Russian revolutions of 1917 led to the withdrawal of Russia from the first World War, a civil war between factions inside Russia, the rise of Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks and the birth of the USSR. It also triggered Marxist revolutions in countries around the world although none were ultimately as successful or long lasting as the Russian revolution.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore