Meriwether Lewis and William Clark discovered 100 new animal species and 170 new plants while creating detailed maps of the new territory the United States purchased from the French during the Louisiana Purchase. The men traveled nearly 3,700 miles from the Mississippi River all the way to the Pacific Ocean on foot, horseback and boat.Know More
The Lewis and Clark Expedition started on May 14, 1804, where the Missouri River empties into the Mississippi River. Clark was in charge of overseeing the men who accompanied them and mapping a route. This was a hard task because they had no reliable maps to use since it was new territory. Lewis collected a number of plant and animal specimens along the way and made scientific observations. Due to the rough terrain, the men only managed to travel about 12 to 14 miles on a good day.
Lewis and Clark made it back to St. Louis on September 23, 1806. Due to how long they were gone, many feared that they died on their journey. Despite the hardships the team faced while on this expedition, only one man died on the trip. Sergeant Charles Floyd died of a ruptured appendix while the group traveled down the Missouri River.Learn More
The Louisiana Purchase significantly increased the size of the United States, which began the expansion of the country towards the West. It also laid the groundwork for the Civil War as the new territories took sides in the heated slavery debate.Full Answer >
Louisiana became a state on April 30, 1812, nine years after the Louisiana Purchase was brokered between the United States and France. The purchase transferred control of 828,000 square miles of territory between the two countries, doubling the size of the United States.Full Answer >
Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence, served as the third president of the United States, oversaw the Louisiana Purchase, supported the American Revolution, and served as governor of Virginia during the Revolutionary War. His "Notes on the State of Virginia" outlined the state's history, culture and geography.Full Answer >
President Thomas Jefferson sought to purchase the town of New Orleans and the surrounding territory, then simply known as the Louisiana Territory, from the French in order to secure trading routes for the United States. He wanted to prevent any disruption in American economics that would come from disrupted trade.Full Answer >