Among many things, Luis Alvarez invented a detonating device for the atomic bomb. The acclaimed physicist also co-discovered the East/West effect of cosmic rays, which is what led him to study nuclear physics in depth. During World War II, he created three radar systems including a high-altitude bombing system, a blind landing system and an early warning system.Know More
Luis Alvarez graduated from the University of Chicago, eventually earning his PhD at the school in 1932. He later became part of the Manhattan Project, a government project to invent a nuclear weapon. Alvarez's discoveries and contributions won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968. Alvarez held 22 patents during his lifetime and was also famed for developing a golf training machine specifically for President Eisenhower.
Later on in his life, he aided an exploration to find unearthed chambers in the pyramids in Egypt. Alvarez became interested in archaeology and geology through this expedition and began working with his son, a geology professor at Berkeley, to study dinosaurs and their extinction. Alvarez and his son were the first to publish the theory that dinosaurs may have become extinct due to an asteroid hitting the Earth more than 60 million years ago.Learn more about Inventions
Alonso Alvrarez de Pineda was a Spanish explorer commissioned by the government to explore the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, according to the Nueces County Historical Commission. He was tasked to find a way to travel by water from the Gulf to the Orient.Full Answer >
Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei was the inventor of the first pendulum clock, after his discovery of isochronism, which is the time that the pendulum takes to swing. Contrary to popular belief, Galileo was not the inventor of the telescope; Galileo built a telescope based on creations by the Dutch, and it was known as a spyglass. Galileo also built a thermometer and a compass during his lifetime.Full Answer >
Polish astronomer Nicolas Copernicus, considered the father of modern astronomy, is also, for all intents and purposes, the inventor of the globe. To illustrate his belief that the Earth was spherical, Copernicus built globes and terrain models called armillary spheres. These constructions were the first globes.Full Answer >
Regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time, Archimedes invented a method known as Archimedes’ principle. It is a method used for determining the volume of an asymmetrical object. Archimedes of Syracuse was a mathematician, inventor and engineer from Ancient Greece.Full Answer >