The Long March was a series of marches that the Red Army undertook to flee concerted attacks by the Guomingdang. It was started by Otto Braun, who convinced the Communist Party to expel Mao Zedong and retreat to Hunan, causing a loss of over 50 percent of their fighting force along the way. Control returned to Mao Zedong, whose success with the Red Army ascended him to power.
Unlike Braun, Mao Zedong's strategy during the Long March revolved around splitting the Red Army into various small groups that were better able to hide from their pursuers. Rather than retreating to Hunan, Mao Zedong changed the destination to the Shaanxi province where the Red Army hoped to repel Japanese invaders and drum up popular support. Although only 10,000 men survived the grueling journey, they combined with communist troops to form an army of 80,000 men who fought the Guomingdang, creating an inspiring myth around Mao Zedong that attracted young Chinese men and women to his cause. In Mao Zedong's own words, the Red Army became a symbol for China's liberation and the Communist Party's strength and endurance with him positioned as its undisputed leader. His popularity allowed him to form the People's Republic of China.Learn More
Mao Zedong was so important because he founded the People's Republic of China and was responsible for the disastrous policies of the "Cultural Revolution" and the "Great Leap Forward." Mao was a Chinese communist leader who reshaped Chinese society in what is seen by many as a negative way.Full Answer >
Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, started the Cultural Revolution, in 1966, as a means of purging Chinese society of any remnants of traditional, western or capitalist elements. Also known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, this was a frontal assault and mass attack against what were considered the social and intellectual remains of "the four olds" represented by old customs, habits, manners and culture. The sanitizing force came in the form of millions of adolescent and zealously dedicated Red Guards who swept across China in search of persons, places and things in need of being purged from the new social and cultural order they were committed to creating.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the significance of March 14, 2015 is that when it is written out as 3/14/15, it represents the first five digits of pi, which is 3.1415. At 9:26:53, the written numbers are the first 10 digits of pi, which is 3.141592653. This sequence occurs once every century.Full Answer >
The most recent war in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, with the initiation of intense air attacks and ground assaults by British and American forces. Other nations, such as Canada, France, Germany and Australia, provided logistical support, and anti-Taliban Afghan rebels from the Northern Alliance provided ground support during the invasion.Full Answer >