Martin Luther King Jr., an African-American Baptist minister and social activist from Georgia, stood for peace, equality and justice, especially for African-Americans and the socially disadvantaged. He played an integral role in the American civil rights movement and is considered to be the driving force that brought about such legislation as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.Know More
Martin Luther King Jr. organized the first major African-American nonviolent protest in 1955, when he orchestrated the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The boycott was carried out in protest of a policy of racial segregation in Montgomery's public transit system. The boycott was a success, and King and the American Civil Rights Movement were propelled into the national spotlight.
In 1963, King helped to organize the historic March on Washington, D.C., at which he delivered his famous speech, "I Have a Dream." The march attracted 250,000 nonviolent participants, 80 percent of whom were African-American. The march is largely credited with bringing about the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize at 35, becoming the youngest recipient in history. He was assassinated on the evening of April 4, 1968.Learn more about US History
Martin Luther King Jr., Mahatma Ghandi and Henry David Thoreau all advocated for civil disobedience through non-violent means. Also, each of these individuals was, at one time or another, imprisoned for his own non-violent civil disobedience.Full Answer >
Just after 6 p.m. on April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was shot and fatally wounded by a sniper's bullet while standing on a second floor balcony at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. He was in Memphis to endorse striking sanitation workers.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on October 14, 1964; he was informed of this honor while resting in a hospital room in Atlanta. The award was physically presented to him on December 10, 1964 in the city of Oslo, Norway.Full Answer >
According to Encyclopedia Britannica, FBI surveillance files released in the 1970s under the Freedom of Information Act showed that Martin Luther King Jr. did cheat on his wife. A number of serious academic studies of his life conducted since then have confirmed his involvement in what Bio.com refers to as "adulterous relationships."Full Answer >