Martin Luther King Jr., an African-American Baptist minister and social activist from Georgia, stood for peace, equality and justice, especially for African-Americans and the socially disadvantaged. He played an integral role in the American civil rights movement and is considered to be the driving force that brought about such legislation as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.Know More
Martin Luther King Jr. organized the first major African-American nonviolent protest in 1955, when he orchestrated the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The boycott was carried out in protest of a policy of racial segregation in Montgomery's public transit system. The boycott was a success, and King and the American Civil Rights Movement were propelled into the national spotlight.
In 1963, King helped to organize the historic March on Washington, D.C., at which he delivered his famous speech, "I Have a Dream." The march attracted 250,000 nonviolent participants, 80 percent of whom were African-American. The march is largely credited with bringing about the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize at 35, becoming the youngest recipient in history. He was assassinated on the evening of April 4, 1968.Learn more about US History
Martin Luther King Jr. grew up on Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Ga. He was born on January 15, 1929, in the house at 501 Auburn Avenue that his parents and grandparents shared, and he lived in that house until he was 12 years old.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King Jr. died after being shot by a sniper while at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn., in 1968; the exact motivation of the assassin, James Earl Ray, remains a mystery. King was a major leader in the United States civil rights movement, and Ray is known to have held segregationist views. This made King a target for the unstable ex-convict.Full Answer >
Considered by many to be the most important civil rights leader in American history, Martin Luther King Jr. was a leader in several events, including the March on Washington and Montgomery Bus Boycott, that encouraged passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He was known for his non-violent methods of drawing attention to racial injustice.Full Answer >
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had four children. He married Coretta Scott of Marion, Ala., on June 18, 1953. Together, they had Yolanda Denise, born in 1955; Martin Luther III, born in 1957; Dexter Scott, born in 1961; and Bernice Albertine, born in 1963.Full Answer >