The four staple foods in Mayan cuisine are squash, beans, maize and chili peppers, and they were often combined with meat or seafood. Squash, beans and maize are often referred to as the "three sisters" because they provide all the necessary nutrients when eaten together.Know More
The Mayans hunted, foraged and grew food. Some meats that were commonly hunted include monkey, deer, iguana, armadillo, manatee, peccary, cavy, tapir, turtle and various birds. They also ate food from the sea, including conch, shrimp, lobster and various fish and shellfish. The Mayans grew food on a large scale, and some of the common crops were chili peppers, avocado, tomatoes, breadnut, guava, pineapple, papaya, apple, pumpkin, sweet potato and pinto, red and black beans.
The Mayans invented many foods that are still eaten on a regular basis, as of 2014. They were the first civilization to make corn tortillas, and they used their avocado crops to make an ancient form of guacamole. It is believed that the Mayans were the first people to roast cacao seeds to make chocolate, although their version was not sweetened. The Mayans used to eat traditional breakfast with scrambled eggs, black beans, cheese, fried plantains and rich coffee. They also invented tamales, which are corn husks filled with chicken, pork, cheese and vegetables.Learn more about Ancient History
In short, no, Mayan people did not predict that the world would end on December 21, 2012; this belief is not only a misinterpretation of Mayan culture and timekeeping but also, if taken literally, inaccurate from the perspective of the Mayans. The Gregorian calendar that includes dates like December 21 was not developed until the 16th century C.E., so even if they had predicted the end of the world, the Mayans wouldn't have said that December 21, 2012 would be the day. Additionally, the very notion that Mayans predicted the end of the world or thought that time would cease to exist at a certain point is based on an incorrect interpretation of the way this culture kept time.Full Answer >
The Mayans sacrificed humans for religious reasons, such as dedicating a temple, entreating gods for favors and preventing natural disasters. Human sacrifices also marked special occasions, such as the coronation of a new king. Sometimes losers in sporting games were sacrificed as the price of defeat.Full Answer >
The Mayans used bows and arrows to hunt animals for food. They hunted many different types of wildlife like deer, dogs, agouti, turkeys and peccaries.Full Answer >
Early humans ate meat, plants, insects, fruits, flowers and bark. According to LiveScience, eating meat caused physiological changes which made today's human possible. Nutrients in meat were found to allow the growth of the modern human's bigger brains.Full Answer >