Mesopotamia became a center of trade early in human history because its farmers mastered irrigation early, providing more crops than they needed to support the population. This allowed Mesopotamia to trade the surplus with neighbors. Its position between Europe and Asia also made it a prime trading hub.Know More
In ancient times, Mesopotamia relied on trade for many important resources, including mineral wealth. The civilizations in the region had few natural resources to rely on, and only its great agricultural capacity allowed the population to flourish. Much of this trade occurred before the invention of coinage and was handled through complex barter transactions. The need to keep track of these transactions led to the development of writing for the purpose of record-keeping.
As other civilizations made their own advancements in agricultural technology, Mesopotamian empires maintained their power through trade. Sumerian temples became the first banks and credit institutions, and the Babylonians developed the first commercial banking system. This wealth funded great construction projects, such as the Great Ziggurat of Babylon, the structure that became the inspiration for the story of the Tower of Babel.
Ultimately, the wealth of the empires of Mesopotamia became great enough to inspire outsiders to wage war, and the region fell under the control of the Persians and the Romans before ultimately falling to Muslim conquerors in the seventh century A.D.Learn more about Mesopotamia
The economy of ancient Mesopotamia, which was scarce in local natural resources, relied heavily on trade with neighboring regions. Goods such as textiles, grain and oils were exchanged for hardwood, precious stones and wine, according to The British Museum.Full Answer >
The Akkaidian Empire achieved many firsts in recorded human history, including the first postal system, good roadways between cities, the first empire and the first dynasty. Sargon was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire in 2350 B.C. and passed on leadership of the empire to his sons. The empire consolidated power and crushed revolts for 200 years before falling to outside invaders.Full Answer >
Ancient Sumerian pottery is clay crockery that was created by the inhabitants of Mesopotamia between 5000 and 2000 B.C. Among the most commonly produced products were plates, jugs and other kitchenware. The Sumerians are thought to have been the first culture to use a potter's wheel.Full Answer >
Mesopotamia spanned over 5,000 years with the first recorded settlement made up of about 150 people. Using the city of Uruk in 4000 BCE as an estimate, Sumer's population would have been about 0.8 to 1.5 million out of the world population of 27 million.Full Answer >