The Miami Indian tribe lived in what is now Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and the southern portion of Michigan during the 1400s. By the 1700s, the tribe was one of the most powerful in the Ohio region after settling in Maumee Valley.
The Miami tribe was defeated in 1794 in the Battle of Fallen Timbers. This defeat forced them to relinquish their lands to the United States government, giving up their final reservation in Ohio in 1818. The tribe settled in Indiana, but in the 1850s a portion of their population was deported to Kansas.
The tribe shared a common ancestry with the Algonquian Indians and were adept at hunting, farming and trapping.