When Benito Mussolini took over leadership in Italy in 1922, he began to close down democratic institutions, which lead to Italy being under a Fascist dictatorship. Benito Mussolini also made an alliance with Adolf Hitler during World War II. Although he did establish a dictatorship in his country, Mussolini also helped to foster public works programs and lower unemployment.Know More
Benito Mussolini was born in July 1883 in Italy. Before embracing fascism, he was a socialist. In 1915, he joined the Italian army to fight in World War I. In 1919, he established the Fascist Party; he went on to become the Prime Minister in 1922 because Italy was in political chaos. He declared himself "Il Duce," or dictator, in 1925.
In an attempt to demonstrate his military power, Mussolini invaded Ethiopia in 1935. In 1939, Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler made an alliance. However, in 1944, Allied forces liberated Rome. Benito Mussolini was executed in April 1945.Learn more in World War 2
Japan militarism and European fascism of the mid-20th century possessed many notable similarities, as both were authoritarian governments with totalitarian tendencies. The military of fascist nations were only one tool of the government, while the military of Imperial Japan was the dominant social and political force.Full Answer >
The four major Allies of WWII were Great Britain, France, the United States and Russia. France was an Allied Power with the exception of the time period between 1940 to 1944 when it was under German occupation. France and Great Britain were the first to declare war against Germany after German forces started occupying parts of eastern Europe, such as Poland and Czechoslovakia in 1939.Full Answer >
Stalin used propaganda to initiate a campaign that showed the public how close he was with its deceased leader Vladimir Lenin. In reality, Lenin did not like Stalin. In a testament written by Lenin in 1922, he stated that he believed Leon Trotsky, the founder of the Red Army, would make a better leader. Stalin prevented the publication of the testament as another part of his propaganda plan.Full Answer >
The purpose of the Nuremburg trials, held in Nuremburg, Germany between 1945 and 1949, was to prosecute Nazi war criminals after World War II. The International Military Tribune that conducted the trails consisted of judges from each of the main Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.Full Answer >