Nationalism affected Europe during the 19th century by making Europeans feel superior to other countries and governments, which led to the unification of both Germany and Italy, with Russia moving towards modernization and with France moving towards liberalism. This sense of superiority led to a stronger sense of unity between the peoples of each country and to a desire for increased military power which then, in turn, led to an alliance system between the European nations.Know More
This alliance system was particularly helpful during World War II when the European countries needed to band together to defeat Hitler and the Nazis. However, before World War II, the European countries would enter into World War I for their nationalism, imperialism and militarism tendencies.
Nationalism is partly to blame for each of the wars as well because it was the primary reason why many of the European countries decided to build up their armies as well as their navy. It also was the reason for the great industrial movement and development in Europe, as the Europeans wanted to prove their greatness by inventing the latest tools and gadgets.
The European nations had a balanced power until a Serbian revolutionary killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the nephew to the Emperor of Austria-Hungary and one of the heirs to the Austrian throne. The revolutionary also killed the Emperor's wife. From here, the countries were lured in one by one to take opposing sides and to fight in the First World War. After the end of the First World War, the countries formed their tight alliances with one another, which would be used in World War II.Learn more about Modern Europe
Otto Von Bismarck's biggest achievement was the unification of Germany, but he also modernized the government, law and education to reflect the times they were living in. Germany was the first country to offer any kind of social welfare program as well, thanks to Bismark's leadership.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution began in England because by the end of the 19th century, Britain was one of the most powerful countries in the world and had a head start in technology and commerce. Some of the factors that contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution in England included population growth, financial innovations, the agricultural revolution, government policies and more.Full Answer >
The 1917 Russian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of the monarchy of Czar Nicholas II, the rise to power of the Russian Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin and the withdrawal of Russia from World War I. A civil war in Russia followed the revolution as the supporters of the old czarist regime, the "whites," struggled with the new Bolshevik powers, the "reds," for control. The Bolsheviks won the civil war and Russia became the Soviet Union, or U.S.S.R., in 1922.Full Answer >
The Bolshevik Revolution refers to the second revolution that occurred in Russia in October 1917 led by Lenin and the Bolshevik party. The revolution took place on Oct. 25, 1917, and involved Bolshevik troops seizing key locations in the Russian capital of Petrograd from the provisional government.Full Answer >