Nationalism affected Europe during the 19th century by making Europeans feel superior to other countries and governments, which led to the unification of both Germany and Italy, with Russia moving towards modernization and with France moving towards liberalism. This sense of superiority led to a stronger sense of unity between the peoples of each country and to a desire for increased military power which then, in turn, led to an alliance system between the European nations.Know More
This alliance system was particularly helpful during World War II when the European countries needed to band together to defeat Hitler and the Nazis. However, before World War II, the European countries would enter into World War I for their nationalism, imperialism and militarism tendencies.
Nationalism is partly to blame for each of the wars as well because it was the primary reason why many of the European countries decided to build up their armies as well as their navy. It also was the reason for the great industrial movement and development in Europe, as the Europeans wanted to prove their greatness by inventing the latest tools and gadgets.
The European nations had a balanced power until a Serbian revolutionary killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the nephew to the Emperor of Austria-Hungary and one of the heirs to the Austrian throne. The revolutionary also killed the Emperor's wife. From here, the countries were lured in one by one to take opposing sides and to fight in the First World War. After the end of the First World War, the countries formed their tight alliances with one another, which would be used in World War II.Learn more about Modern Europe
Otto Von Bismarck's biggest achievement was the unification of Germany, but he also modernized the government, law and education to reflect the times they were living in. Germany was the first country to offer any kind of social welfare program as well, thanks to Bismark's leadership.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution began in England because by the end of the 19th century, Britain was one of the most powerful countries in the world and had a head start in technology and commerce. Some of the factors that contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution in England included population growth, financial innovations, the agricultural revolution, government policies and more.Full Answer >
Napoleon's empire collapsed because of the Continental System, the Peninsular War, and the invasion of Russia. These events are widely viewed as three major mistakes that led to the weakening of his rule in Europe.Full Answer >
While Napoleon Bonaparte's rule brought about positive change for the French people in the form of new technologies and improved economic conditions for the peasantry and middle class, his disastrous campaign against Russia cost the lives of about 500,000 men and forced him to raise taxes while France was also caught up in an industrial and agricultural crisis. The institution of the Napoleonic Code in France and in the conquered territories helped to eventually bring about the growth of a strong bourgeois society in Europe and ended preexisting feudal systems, but growing and debilitating unemployment caused Napoleon to also lose the support of the French people.Full Answer >