Q:

How did nationalism lead to imperialism?

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Quick Answer

Since nationalists believed that their country was better that all others, they wanted to expand it. Imperialism is the practice of maintaining colonies to benefit the mother country.

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Nationalists felt strong loyalty towards their country. They may have even believed that their leader had divine help to conquer all enemies. The people conquered by these nationalist colonists were often called "inferior" or "savages;" that way, leaders could justify taking their land and property.

By 1900, many major countries were competing with each other for colonies. The British Empire covered Canada, India, Australia, parts of Africa and even a small part of South America. The French had parts of Africa, along with Germany. Russia also held Poland, Estonia, Ukraine, Finland, Georgia and parts of Asia. Since the rulers of each country thought they deserved to rule the whole world, military spending increased. The countries also made military alliances with each other. The competition for colonies with some countries and alliances with others contributed to the start of World War I in 1914.

Russia's annexation of the Crimea is a more recent example of nationalism and imperialism. However, most countries today are not imperialistic. People still feel nationalism and pride in their country, but they want economic success instead of expansion.

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Related Questions

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    When did imperialism begin?

    A:

    The origins of imperialism date back to ancient China and western Asia; the practice then spread to the Middle East and Mediterranean nations during the 6th-4th centuries BCE. The term imperialism refers to a policy, typically implemented by a nation or strong central government, featuring the extensive use of power, often through military means. Imperialism usually diverts power to the hands of a few leaders, and often results in harsh treatment of citizens.

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    What were the causes and effects of Imperialism?

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    Causes of Imperialism were the desire for economic gain and a belief that a country's values were superior and the desire to spread religion while the effects of Imperialism were increases in infrastructure in the countries being explored and a loss of identity for their citizens. Imperialism benefited the countries doing the colonizing, not the countries being colonized.

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    What are three factors that spurred American imperialism?

    A:

    Three factors that spurred American imperialism were the need to expand even after the frontier had vanished, with industrialization warranting further claim to more resources, the growing importance of foreign trade to the American economy and the desire to compete with European empires for power. Because of this mixture of cultural, economic and political factors, the U.S. was influenced to practice imperialism, particularly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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  • Q:

    What impact did imperialism have on Africa?

    A:

    Imperialism impacted the African continent in several ways, primarily in the contexts of economics and politics. The political impact of the Western nations displays in the administrative system of government in Africa. Western governments established a structured and organized government, such as a central or federal government, in many African nations, which remain in place to this day.

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