Q:

How did nationalism lead to imperialism?

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Quick Answer

Since nationalists believed that their country was better that all others, they wanted to expand it. Imperialism is the practice of maintaining colonies to benefit the mother country.

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Full Answer

Nationalists felt strong loyalty towards their country. They may have even believed that their leader had divine help to conquer all enemies. The people conquered by these nationalist colonists were often called "inferior" or "savages;" that way, leaders could justify taking their land and property.

By 1900, many major countries were competing with each other for colonies. The British Empire covered Canada, India, Australia, parts of Africa and even a small part of South America. The French had parts of Africa, along with Germany. Russia also held Poland, Estonia, Ukraine, Finland, Georgia and parts of Asia. Since the rulers of each country thought they deserved to rule the whole world, military spending increased. The countries also made military alliances with each other. The competition for colonies with some countries and alliances with others contributed to the start of World War I in 1914.

Russia's annexation of the Crimea is a more recent example of nationalism and imperialism. However, most countries today are not imperialistic. People still feel nationalism and pride in their country, but they want economic success instead of expansion.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What were the political causes of British imperialism?

    A:

    One of the underlying political causes of British imperialism was the need to strengthen the country, alongside making free trade easier. In addition, the British government aimed to appease the popular consensus that Christian values should reach Africa, and there was a need to strengthen the economy.

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  • Q:

    What were the causes and effects of Imperialism?

    A:

    Causes of Imperialism were the desire for economic gain and a belief that a country's values were superior and the desire to spread religion while the effects of Imperialism were increases in infrastructure in the countries being explored and a loss of identity for their citizens. Imperialism benefited the countries doing the colonizing, not the countries being colonized.

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  • Q:

    When did imperialism begin?

    A:

    The origins of imperialism date back to ancient China and western Asia; the practice then spread to the Middle East and Mediterranean nations during the 6th-4th centuries BCE. The term imperialism refers to a policy, typically implemented by a nation or strong central government, featuring the extensive use of power, often through military means. Imperialism usually diverts power to the hands of a few leaders, and often results in harsh treatment of citizens.

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  • Q:

    What are the positive and negative effects of imperialism?

    A:

    The pros of imperialism included improvements to local transportation and the building of additional schools and hospitals, while the cons included the domination of the economy and government and oppression of local people.

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