Traditionally, North American Indian peace pipes contained a mixture of tobacco and various wild herbs, such as willow bark, sumac and white sage. A variety of tobacco species and types of herbs were used in peace pipes based on regional differences.Know More
In Native American ceremonies, tobacco was commonly offered to spirits. Many Native American tribes used a ceremonial pipe in rituals they considered to be sacred. A peace pipe is also known as a calumet. Besides its use during treaty negotiations, a calumet was used during council meetings, sweat lodge ceremonies and friendship greetings. It was commonly used in meeting opening rituals. At the beginning of a meeting, the pipe was lit, and smoke was blown towards the east, south, west and north before offering smoke to Father Sky and Mother Earth. After the invocations, the pipe was passed around among attendees. Contrary to popular belief, the smoke from a peace pipe is not inhaled.
Certain Native American tribes perform what is known as the Calumet Dance, an elaborate dance offering smoke to the Great Spirit. Alternatively, some tribes call it the Medicine Pipe Dance. During the dance, pipes are used to represent male and female principles. In this instance, the long-stemmed pipes are used as a wand.Learn more about US History
Americans moved to the West in the 1800s because people wanted to get a fresh start and wanted to be able to buy their own land, as well as to try new economic possibilities, such as farming and gold mining. It all began when President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 from the French government.Full Answer >
After migrating to North America around 11,000 years ago, Native Americans grew corn, maize, beans and squash. They hunted, built homes out of branches and animal skins, practiced tribal religions, enjoyed music and dancing, and used stories to pass on their culture and history.Full Answer >
President Wilson's plan for peace after WWI was outlined in the Fourteen Points. According to the United States Department of State, the Fourteen Points were improved by later decrees.Full Answer >
President Barack Obama is no longer a cigarette smoker as of June 13, 2014. Although he formerly smoked cigarettes, a physician report released in 2014 indicates that he has remained tobacco-free for five years. The report also mentions that he occasionally chews nicotine gum.Full Answer >