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What did Nelson Mandela accomplish?

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Nelson Mandela, arguably one of the great leaders of the 20th century, served as president of South Africa, was a notable writer, accomplished lawyer and a civil rights activist. Mandela was born in Mveso, South Africa, on July 18, 1918. He spent his childhood in South Africa, then left to pursue an education in the United States before returning to his home country to assume the role of president in 1994.

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What did Nelson Mandela accomplish?
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Mandela showed a considerable amount of academic talent as a child. He studied politics and government, but was more interested in pursuing societal change through peaceful measures rather than with force. Mandela became very involved in the South African anti-apartheid movement while in his 20s. Encouraged by his personal commitment to achieve positive societal change in South Africa, Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1942. For the next 20 years, he helped the African National Congress carry out a peaceful but powerful movement against the all-white government of South Africa, which governed the nation with racist rules and policies. Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, and became the first black president of South Africa in 1994. In 2009, Mandela’s birth date, July 18, was designated as Mandela Day, and recognized internationally as a day to raise awareness of global peace.

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  • Q:

    What was Nelson Mandela fighting for?

    A:

    As a native African living in South Africa under apartheid, the government system of imposed segregation in which non-native white residents of South Africa were treated as fundamentally superior to black natives, Nelson Mandela's initial cause was focused on bringing about the end of apartheid and systematic racial oppression in his home country. Apartheid came to an end in the 1990s, and in 1994, Mandela was elected as the first black chief executive of South Africa in the nation's first full, democratic election. When Mandela's presidential term ended in 1999, his focus shifted from issues within his own nation to general human rights issues across the globe.

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  • Q:

    Was Nelson Mandela a Christian?

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    Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa, was a Methodist Christian. He was raised and schooled in the religion but kept his religious beliefs private throughout his historic struggle and subsequent victory over the forces of apartheid in South Africa.

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  • Q:

    What crime did Nelson Mandela commit?

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    Nelson Mandela was found guilty of committing sabotage against South Africa's apartheid government. He was sentenced to life in prison for the crime.

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  • Q:

    How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    A:

    Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years, 18 of which were spent at the infamously cruel Robben Island Prison in South Africa, where he was held from 1964 - 1982. Mandela was released from imprisonment in 1990 despite having initially been handed a life sentence. At the time of his imprisonment, South Africa was ruled by the white supremacist system of apartheid, in which native black Africans were officially considered inferior in every way to colonial European citizens, also known as Afrikaners. Mandela was an anti-apartheid revolutionary who eventually became the first president of South Africa, and he was initially imprisoned on charges of incitement before being charged with conspiracy to overthrow the state in what is known as the Rivonia Trial.

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