Nelson Mandela became a worldwide symbol of the struggle of his people for emancipation and sparked a global movement. He changed the history of South Africa through his steadfast adherence to the cause against apartheid during his 25 years of imprisonment.Know More
In the U.S. and elsewhere, Mandela's plight sparked activist movements and global pressure to end the apartheid regime in South Africa. There has been a strong response in American pop culture, including Paul Simon's use of South African musicians on his seminal album, "Graceland."
Many U.S. politicians and others from around the world have expressed how Nelson Mandela's life and example of national reconciliation personally inspired them, including President Barack Obama.Learn more about Modern History
Nelson Mandela became president of South Africa on May 9, 1994. Nelson Mandela was elected by South Africa's Parliament. He was the first black president to lead the country.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) was a president of South Africa and a Nobel Peace Prize recipient. In South Africa, he is often called "Madiba," which was the name of the clan he was born into.Full Answer >
As a native African living in South Africa under apartheid, the government system of imposed segregation in which non-native white residents of South Africa were treated as fundamentally superior to black natives, Nelson Mandela's initial cause was focused on bringing about the end of apartheid and systematic racial oppression in his home country. Apartheid came to an end in the 1990s, and in 1994, Mandela was elected as the first black chief executive of South Africa in the nation's first full, democratic election. When Mandela's presidential term ended in 1999, his focus shifted from issues within his own nation to general human rights issues across the globe.Full Answer >
As late as 2008, Nelson Mandela was considered a terrorist by the U.S. government, according to NBC News. In 1986, Mandela's political party, the African National Congress (ANC), was condemned by President Ronald Reagan for engaging in "calculated terror." South Africa's apartheid regime declared the ANC a terrorist group, as did the Reagan administration.Full Answer >