The first recorded ancient Olympic Games were held in 776 B.C. in Athens, continuing every four years until 393 A.D., when the Roman emperor Theodosius I abolished them because of their pagan roots. The modern Olympic games began in 1896.
According to History.com, the first modern Olympic Games took place in Paris in 1896 and featured 13 participating countries. They have been held every four years since then, with a couple of breaks during the two World Wars. The Olympic Games took a big leap forward in 1924 when the Winter Olympics began. By that time, 44 countries were participating in the Summer Olympics. Since 1994, the Winter and Summer Olympics have alternated, with one set of games taking place every two years.Learn More
Socrates is acknowledged as the father of Western philosophy, a great teacher who taught Plato, who in his turn taught Aristotle, Alexander the Great's teacher. Beyond philosophy, Socrates was a brave and skilled soldier who once saved the life of Athenian general Alcibiades.Full Answer >
There were several Spartan social classes, including the Spartiate or Homoioi, Perioeci and Helots. There were additional classes outside those that lived or were born in Sparta, such as the Trophimoi, who were foster sons allowed to come and study in Sparta.Full Answer >
Pythagoras was educated in Tyre, Samos and Miletus, which is present-day Syria and Asia Minor, as well as Egypt. He later founded his own mystery school in Croton, which is southern Italy.Full Answer >
Aristotle introduced the first hierarchical classification system. He divided the life forms he saw into eidos and genos, establishing the basis for taxonomy. He classified 520 animal species, which were primarily from Greece.Full Answer >