The Phoenicians had established colonies in Anatolia, Cyprus, the Levant and North Africa by the second millennium B.C., according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Phoenicians are deemed likely to have come from the Persian Gulf, reaching ancient Phoenicia by around 3000 B.C.
The Phoenicians had a notable cultural impact, with their alphabet becoming the basis of the Greek alphabet. They were known as traders and merchants, specializing in ivory and wood and dealing in cloth, dyes, embroideries, wine and wood. The Lebanese Global Information Center states that the Phoenicians built several East Mediterranean cities, including Beirut, Tripoli and Tyre, that remain standing in modern-day Lebanon.Learn More
The federal government began on March 4, 1789, when the first session of the U.S. Congress was held. Of the 22 senators and 59 representatives called to represent the 11 states who ratified the U.S. Constitution, only nine senators and 13 representatives attended the first session of Congress.Full Answer >
The Han Dynasty ruled from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D. with only a small interruption in the middle, making for a rule of more than 400 years. It had two main periods: the Western Han from 206 B.C. to 9 A.D. and Eastern Han from 25 A.D. to 220 A.D.Full Answer >
The Abbasid Dynasty saw a golden age in which Baghdad and Samarra functioned as the cultural and commercial capitals of the Islamic world. It was during this period that a beautiful and distinctive style of art and architecture emerged that spread throughout Muslim lands.Full Answer >
Several factors played a part in the development of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, but the most important factor was its location. Mesopotamia is situated between two very fertile rivers, which allowed agriculture to expand for the first time in human history.Full Answer >