The Picts were descendants of the indigenous peoples of northern Scotland. The Picts were likely an amalgamation of indigenous Scots and Celts who assimilated via conquest, marriage or some combination. The Picts are not believed to have spoken a recognizable Celtic language, so their Iron Age roots prevailed.Know More
Having left no written documents, the earliest references to the Picts are found in Roman records. The Roman orator Eumenius wrote of the "semi-naked Picti ('painted ones')" as fearsome adversaries.
The term "Picti" was probably a Roman nickname used to describe the people north of Hadrian's Wall. "Pict" was an umbrella term applied to many different people in the north of Scotland with different cultures and languages.Learn more about Ancient History
Franciscan priests founded Mission San Juan Capistrano to expand Spanish influence in the area and convert indigenous peoples to Christianity. When Mexico became independent, the local governor sold the mission to a private family, but after California became a state, President Abraham Lincoln returned the mission to the Catholic Church.Full Answer >
Ancient Sumer was comprised of a network of discrete city-states. While they shared the Sumerian language in common, each city-state was its own polity or political entity.Full Answer >
The ancient Babylonians used sharpened weapons such as sickle swords, socketed axes, spears, and the Egyptian-derived bladed mace, as well as clubs and staffs, and projectiles flung from war slings. The Babylonians were a Bronze Age people, so the bladed weapons they used were made of a softer metal than later civilization's iron and steel. This made them less effective in battle than iron and iron-alloy based weapons, as iron is harder and harder blades can take a sharper point.Full Answer >
The social structure that existed in Ancient China was based on an agricultural feudal system that consisted of a ruling class of kings, nobles and provincial warlords and, representing the largest portion of society, the peasants who farmed the land and usually turned over a portion of their crops to the ruling class. Religion was a powerful tool in maintaining control over Ancient Chinese society, which functioned in the manner of a theocracy. The dynastic rulers were believed to be the earthly representatives of the gods, and their appointment to the throne was based on lineage and ancestry.Full Answer >