Plains Indians lived in tepees -- also known as teepees, tepes and tipis -- because these dwellings were easy to move as the Native Americans followed herds of migrating buffalo, or bison. Because they depended upon the animals for food and goods, the Plains Indians led nomadic lives in order to maintain a constant supply of bison. Tepees were relatively simple to transport and set up.Know More
The Plains Indians ate fresh bison meat and made dried jerky. They also used many parts of the buffalo to produce items necessary for daily life, such as clothing, weapons, buckets, glue, ropes and even tepees.
The frame of a tepee was made from many long poles tied together near the top. The wood came from trees such as lodgepole pines, yellow pines and cedars. Buffalo hides were originally used to cover the frame, but, as the animals became more scarce toward the end of the 19th century, canvas became more common. The cover stretched over the poles, and it was often held down along the bottom edge with stones or sod blocks. The finished tepee was cone-shaped, with smoke flaps covering the peak.
In most cases, women built, set-up, took down and repaired the tepees. However, any decorating was typically done by men. Decorations included geometric shapes and depictions of sacred animals, legends and battle scenes.Learn more about US History
The Cherokee Indians of Southeastern North America lived in dwellings that were constructed from a frame of wood, river cane and vines, and that were coated with plaster made from earth and clay. The roof was made from wood or thatched grass. These Native American dwellings were known as wattle and daub houses, and a smaller winter home, which was kept warm more efficiently, was called an asi.Full Answer >
The Eastern Woodland Indians lived throughout the eastern areas that were heavily wooded in the United States, which is why they were known as the Eastern Woodland Indians. The Eastern Woodland Indians were made up of many different tribes, such as the Iroquois and the Cherokees.Full Answer >
The nomadic Coahuiltecan Indians lived in round, dome-shaped houses that were constructed using poles and covered with matting, grass or cane. Low entrances opened into spacious interiors characterized by a central fire for light and deerskins for bedding.Full Answer >
The Hopewell Indians lived in Ohio and parts of the Eastern and Midwestern United States, including Wisconsin, New York and Mississippi. They lived in thatched wattle and daub homes, raising crops and producing tools and pottery.Full Answer >