President Woodrow Wilson protected workers with several laws he put into place. The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 prohibited unfair business practices and interlocking directorates and legalized peaceful strikes, pickets and boycotts. The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act of 1916 prohibited the sale of goods produced with child labor, and the Adamson Act of 1916 established an eight-hour work day for railroad workers.Know More
The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 was created by Wilson to strengthen and clarify the earlier Sherman Anti-Trust Act. It prohibited some monopolies from forming and also protected the labor unions and farmers' organizations from being prosecuted for organizing.
The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act of 1916 was put into place to prevent companies from employing child labor, which was detrimental to children. The act was ruled unconstitutional, and a concrete child labor amendment was not passed until 1938.
The Adamson Act was passed in response to railroad workers threatening a nationwide strike unless they were given an eight-hour work day, while still being paid for 10 hours. The act stopped the strike at the last minute. Wilson also passed the Workingmen's Compensation Act of 1916, which provided financial assistance to federal employees who were injured and unable to work for a time. This was a precursor to workers compensation for all employees.Learn more about US History
The Fourteen Points stated by Woodrow Wilson were important for peace and ethics, and used mainly to motivate the Allied forces. The points were highlighted in a speech Woodrow gave to the United States Congress in 1918.Full Answer >
Woodrow Wilson's "New Freedom" platform for the 1912 presidential election focused on providing support for small businessmen and small farmers while attacking the trusts, banks and tariffs. "New Freedom" subsequently became what his entire 1912-1916 presidential term was referred to after he won the election.Full Answer >
President Andrew Jackson, in response to the nullification crisis of 1832, threatened to send federal troops to any state that tried to "nullify" federal laws. The action was directed at the state of South Carolina, whose leaders, led by John C. Calhoun, opposed a tariff bill passed by U.S. Congress. Ultimately, a compromise was reached and armed conflict did not occur.Full Answer >
According to the Library of Congress, South Carolina's threat of secession during the Nullification Crisis resulted in a threat that President Jackson would use federal troops to enforce tariff laws if necessary. Ultimately, Congress passed a compromise tariff bill that defused the situation, preventing any actual bloodshed over the issue.Full Answer >