Q:

Why did the Provisional Government fail?

A:

Quick Answer

The Russian Provisional Government failed as a result of its temporary status and its attempt to prolong the war. It also failed because it was at the mercy of the Petrograd Soviet.

Know More

Full Answer

The primary reason why the Russian Provisional Government failed was because it tried to continue the war. In June 1917, the Provisional Government organized an attack on Austria. After the first attack failed, members of the Provisional Government revolted. Due to the war’s failures and widespread hunger, former Provisional members shifted to Vladimir Lenin, whose message was "Peace, bread, land."

The Provisional Government was also required to share power with the Petrograd Soviet. However, the Petrograd Soviet ruled that the Provisional Government would only be obeyed when the Petrograd Soviet agreed with it.

In addition to this power struggle, the Provisional Government was crippled by inflation and hunger. The prolonging of the war depleted the nation of necessary resources to solve its land, food and fuel shortages. As desertions increased, the Provisional Government created death squads to capture and execute deserters. The killing eventually turned soldiers against the Provisional Government. After failing on the battlefield and ignoring domestic problems, Russians flocked to Lenin’s optimistic message. The Russian Provisional Government quickly came to be despised by nearly every class of citizens and formally dissolved in July 1917.

The Provisional Government was only a temporary governing body. It was led by Alexander Kerensky and established by the members of the Duma following the collapse of the tsar's government in March 1917. As a result of its interim status, the Provisional Government did not carry out any substantial reforms.

Learn more about Modern Europe
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What was the name of the propaganda department of Lenin's government?

    A:

    Lenin's government did not initially have one formal department devoted solely to distributing propaganda but would eventually develop the Department for Agitation and Propaganda. The government had a number of different programs run by different entities, and generally, these are collectively referred to as "agitprop," for agitation propaganda.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were some of the outcomes of the English Civil War?

    A:

    Some of the outcomes of the English Civil War were the end of the personal-rule monarchy, the establishment of a commonwealth government and the rise of Oliver Cromwell to a leadership role that is often viewed as resembling a military dictatorship. One of the consequences of the war was Cromwell's campaign against Catholics and Royalists in Ireland and the confiscation of their lands to pay off the debts of the English Parliament, a long-lasting historical memory that has helped fuel Irish and English strife into modern times. Although the monarchy was restored in 1660 by the ascension of the Stuart dynasty to the throne 2 years after Cromwell's death, an additional and key outcome of the English Civil War was that it established the principle of an English king requiring Parliamentary consent in order to govern.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the War of the Spanish Succession?

    A:

    The War of the Spanish Succession, waged between 1701 and 1714, was fought over whether the French Prince Philip of Anjou would be allowed to take the Spanish throne. Because this would join Spain and France, the powerful Austrian Empire claimed the Spanish throne for Archduke Charles of Austria.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were the causes of the Crimean War?

    A:

    The main causes of the Crimean War were religion, in particular of the Holy sites in Jerusalem — this applied to all major powers, including France, Britain and the Ottoman Empire — and also British foreign policy which was strongly in support of the Ottoman Empire, as the British saw the Turkish lands as a barrier that could halt Russian expansionism. Russia eventually conceded defeat to the alliance of France, Britain, Sardinia and the Ottoman Empire.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore