Q:

Where did the Reformation begin?

A:

The Reformation began in northern and central Europe with reformers such as John Calvin, Henry VIII and Martin Luther. These leaders questioned the Catholic Europe and the Catholic Church's ability to dictate Christian practice for every member of the Church.

These leaders argued that there needed to be a new political distribution of power and that there needed to be a new religious distribution of power. This distribution would go on to trigger wars, persecutions and the Catholic Church's response to the Protestants known as the Counter-Reformation.

Historians say that the Protestant Reformation began in 1517 with Luther's "95 Theses" and did not end until either 1555 with the Peace of Augsburg or 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia, depending on which historian a person speaks with. The idea behind the Reformation was to purify the church and to call attention to the Bible rather than to tradition. This was not a new idea, but this was the first time that it was used skillfully.

Luther is considered the most prolific of the Reformation leaders and the most successful in terms of spreading his ideas to the public. In the period of 1518 to 1525, Luther published more works than the other 17 most prolific reformers combined.

Sources:

  1. history.com

Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What happened during the Reformation?

    A:

    During the Reformation, several key leaders including John Calvin, Henry VIII and Martin Luther challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and created what became known as Protestantism. The Reformation came about as these leaders felt that there was not a fair distribution of power among the people in the church and that some of the teachings of the church could not be justified using the Bible. A key point of the Reformation occurred when King Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why did the Reformation begin in Germany?

    A:

    The Reformation began in Germany in 1517 because an Augustinian monk named Martin Luther, who lived in Germany, wrote "95 Theses" protesting the Pope's selling indulgences. He was only initially trying to bring about change within the church, but the Catholic Church excommunicated him in 1521, spurring him to have the Bible translated into German. Because Luther was very outspoken about his feelings, the Reformation started in Germany and spread.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    Why was Henry VIII so important?

    A:

    Henry VIII was important because of the role he played in the Reformation when he separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church that refused his petition for divorce. The move to separate the English church from Rome resulted in the king's excommunication from the church, but Henry still held to core Catholic beliefs and theology despite the separation. Henry was named the Supreme Head of the Church of England, giving him the final say in anything related to the church.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    When did Islam begin?

    A:

    Islam began in the first half of the 7th century A.D. In 610 A.D., the Prophet Muhammad began to receive messages from God, or Allah, and he began to preach these messages in his native Mecca.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore