Rich Victorians ate French cuisine consisting of rich meats, fish and desserts. The rich people of this era used meals as a time to show off their wealth through fine cutlery, china and up to 20 or more dishes of food, often cooked by a French chef. The dishes were put on a sideboard and brought to the table by footmen.Know More
During the Victorian era, tinned food was available for the first time, but tinned meat was usually consumed by the poor because it was less expensive than fresh meats. Fish was also more widely available thanks to railway lines and ice.
The poor ate potato parings and vegetable scraps unless they got a job in a workhouse, where they would be fed potatoes, cheese, bread and gruel, which was oats and other grains with water. The middle class ate cheese, sausage, bacon, bread and vegetables.
The dining room was the centerpiece of the Victorian home. It was ornately designed to impress guests, and families usually met there three times a day for meals.
Evening meals were traditionally eaten late in the day during this time period, and afternoon tea was started as a tradition to stave off hunger while waiting for the evening meal.Learn more about Modern Europe
In addition to being infamously honored by a negatively perceived adjective, "Machiavellian," having been named after him, Niccolo Machiavelli is known for his critique of moralistic political theory, his "guide books" regarding the maintenance of state power and his often discomforting pragmatic disregard for ethics in his written advice to the rulers of his time. Some later thinkers, such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, believe that Machiavelli's true contribution to political and philosophical thought was to expose rather than celebrate the lack of ethics prevalent in governance. Some modern scholars point out that Machiavelli's success at writing popular and biting stage comedies is evidence of his satirical side and his political observations should also be considered in this light.Full Answer >
Religious and political conflicts between Parliament and the monarch of England caused the Glorious Revolution. It resulted in increased powers for Parliament, more independence in the American colonies and the Protestant domination of Ireland. The Glorious Revolution, which occurred in 1688, set the stage for the evolution of constitutional monarchy in Great Britain.Full Answer >
Francis II of France died at the tender age of 16 due to an abscess in his brain. This was caused by an ear infection that spread rapidly and resulted in immense swelling.Full Answer >
The gargoyles on Notre Dame cathedral were built as water spouts to prevent damage to the masonry by deflecting rainwater from the sides of the building. After the installation of drain pipes in the 16th century, the gargoyles were merely ornamental.Full Answer >