Roman gladiators fought bare-chested, but they wore canvas loincloths to preserve their modesty. They were allowed to wear sandals, but many chose not to. Gladiators also wore protective armor over their arms and legs. Outside of the coliseum, gladiators wore simple wool tunics, but on special occasions, they wore more expensive clothes; however, they were restricted to tunics and cloaks.Know More
Gladiators wrapped leather and cloth strips over their arms and wrists for padding, known as the manicae. They wore two belts: the balteus, a sword belt, and the cingulum, a wide leather belt reinforced with metal plates that protected the waist from injury. A metal leg guard called the ocra protected their legs from the knees to the shins, and it was worn with the fascia to protect the skin. The fascia was made of leather or cloth. Gladiators also wore the distinctive metal shoulder guard called the galerus. Underneath their armor, gladiators wore protective padded linen that was sometimes supplemented with straw. The subarmalis, as this was called, prevented chafing.
Gladiators were allowed to keep whatever purses and rewards they earned, so they could afford higher quality and more attractive everyday wear. However, the Roman sumptuary laws prevented them from wearing anything forbidden to slaves.Learn More
The biggest effect Julius Caesar had on Rome was his transform Rome from a republic to an empire. He also updated the Roman calendar, was undefeated as a general, alleviated the taxes of the working class, significantly expanded Roman territory and invented the newspaper. He also instituted the reign of Caesars.Full Answer >
The climate of Rome included freezing winters, frigid rains, warm and wet summers, moist winds and drought. Humidity and coolness were more prevalent in the early days of Rome. There were also varied weather patterns from 250 to 600 A.D., and experts believe there was a period of dryness by the third century.Full Answer >
The Codex Justinianus, or the Code of Justinian, is a collection of essential Roman jurisprudence works issued by order of Emperor Justinian I in the sixth century that has a major influence on public law across Europe. Justinian's codification of Roman Law is often considered the foundation of Western legal tradition.Full Answer >
For breakfast, common Romans ate small, flat loaves of bread that were salted. For those who were wealthier, a typical breakfast also included milk or wine, fruit, cheese, eggs and honey.Full Answer >