The Romans became powerful after Rome changed from a monarchy to a republic. As a monarchy, the city-state was unable to prevent foreign rulers from assuming power.Know More
After Rome became a republic, its people made strategic treaties with some nations and broke existing treaties with others. This helped Rome form alliances that helped its people conquer other city-states. During this period, Romans started using new weapons and battle tactics, giving them the opportunity to become a powerhouse in Italy.
Several significant battles took place between the fourth and fifth centuries, cementing Rome's status as a powerful city-state. Although the Romans were not successful in every battle, they learned valuable lessons from their losses.Learn more about Ancient Rome
From the Greeks, the Romans borrowed or copied ideas on art, literature, religion and architecture. A prime example is in the pantheon of gods worshiped by Romans. With the exception of their names, the Greek gods and goddesses were the models used for the Roman pantheon of deities.Full Answer >
The main reason for the construction of the Colosseum was to symbolize the power of Rome and its emperors. The classical architecture used in the construction was meant to portray that Rome was a civilized nation.Full Answer >
The Etruscans were a loose conglomeration of city-states that took control of the area that later became Rome, introducing a number of improvements and reforms that transformed the town into a true city. The Etruscans also introduced Greek culture to the Romans.Full Answer >
The Twelve Tables were the first attempt by the Romans to establish empire-wide laws. The tablets are also the oldest surviving piece of Roman literature. They were written around 450 B.C.Full Answer >