The Romans became powerful after Rome changed from a monarchy to a republic. As a monarchy, the city-state was unable to prevent foreign rulers from assuming power.Know More
After Rome became a republic, its people made strategic treaties with some nations and broke existing treaties with others. This helped Rome form alliances that helped its people conquer other city-states. During this period, Romans started using new weapons and battle tactics, giving them the opportunity to become a powerhouse in Italy.
Several significant battles took place between the fourth and fifth centuries, cementing Rome's status as a powerful city-state. Although the Romans were not successful in every battle, they learned valuable lessons from their losses.Learn More
One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Full Answer >
Caesar told Marc Antony, who is running in the Lupercalia celebrations, to touch Calpurnia, Caesar's wife, as he passes by. The Romans believed that women touched or whipped during this celebration would become fertile.Full Answer >
The Etruscans were a loose conglomeration of city-states that took control of the area that later became Rome, introducing a number of improvements and reforms that transformed the town into a true city. The Etruscans also introduced Greek culture to the Romans.Full Answer >
The Roman Empire started in 27 B.C. and ended in A.D. 393. This period began with Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus being awarded the title of Augustus.Full Answer >