The Romans invaded Britain in order to gain access to its mineral wealth and agricultural fields, and to prevent a regrouping and counterattack by the recently-conquered Gauls who had escaped the Roman armies by fleeing to the island. Roman military leaders were often enthusiastic about conquering new territories because it provided them with wealth that could be used to pay for the loyalty of their troops and to bribe officials back in Rome to further their careers. Although Julius Caesar's first two invasions between 55 and 54 B.C. were primarily intended as a preemptive strike against a Gaulish stronghold on the inland, it was not until about 100 years later that a full-scale Roman invasion led to an occupation that lasted almost 400 years.
The territory taken control of by the Romans in Britain was conquered during an initial period lasting about 40 years. A lack of coordination between the various military leaders commanding defensive forces on the island, coupled with the invading army's superior tactics, favored the Roman conquest and led to a rapid Romanization of the new territories. The Romans introduced their construction, agricultural and mining methods to Britain and set up a town-based government system with prosperous villas and economic centers. Existing within their empire as a western province, Roman influence at its peak extended to about 3/4 of the island of Great Britain.Learn More
According to the Roman historian Appian, Julius Caesar bequeathed his gardens to the people as a place of recreation and also 75 drachmas to every Roman in the city. Mark Antony gave the funeral oration and read aloud to the people Caesar's will.Full Answer >
The Roman military was so successful during its time because of its size, organization and strength that could not be equaled to its enemies for over a thousand years. They believed that they were the sons of the god of war and were very proud. This contributed to their success in most of their battles.Full Answer >
The Romans invented concrete, paved highways, Roman arches, newspapers, welfare and aqueducts, among dozens of other innovations. While many of these inventions are now obsolete, they contributed immensely to advances in technology.Full Answer >
Some Roman innovations still in use today include paved roads, concrete, the Julian calendar and sewer systems. Many Roman inventions were necessitated by the empire's gigantic scale and population.Full Answer >