Q:

Why did the Romans invade Britain?

A:

Quick Answer

The Romans invaded Britain in order to gain access to its mineral wealth and agricultural fields, and to prevent a regrouping and counterattack by the recently-conquered Gauls who had escaped the Roman armies by fleeing to the island. Roman military leaders were often enthusiastic about conquering new territories because it provided them with wealth that could be used to pay for the loyalty of their troops and to bribe officials back in Rome to further their careers. Although Julius Caesar's first two invasions between 55 and 54 B.C. were primarily intended as a preemptive strike against a Gaulish stronghold on the inland, it was not until about 100 years later that a full-scale Roman invasion led to an occupation that lasted almost 400 years.

Know More

Full Answer

The territory taken control of by the Romans in Britain was conquered during an initial period lasting about 40 years. A lack of coordination between the various military leaders commanding defensive forces on the island, coupled with the invading army's superior tactics, favored the Roman conquest and led to a rapid Romanization of the new territories. The Romans introduced their construction, agricultural and mining methods to Britain and set up a town-based government system with prosperous villas and economic centers. Existing within their empire as a western province, Roman influence at its peak extended to about 3/4 of the island of Great Britain.

Learn more about Ancient Rome

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What did the Romans do for fun?

    A:

    Recreational sports such as swimming, horseback riding and running were popular leisure activities in ancient Rome. Board games such as tic-tac-toe, Roman backgammon, checkers and chess were also common pastimes.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where did the Romans live?

    A:

    The ancient Romans lived in the Roman Empire. The capital of the Roman Empire was the city of Rome, which is located in present-day Italy.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What was an innovation of the Romans?

    A:

    The Romans invented concrete, paved highways, Roman arches, newspapers, welfare and aqueducts, among dozens of other innovations. While many of these inventions are now obsolete, they contributed immensely to advances in technology.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why were the Romans so successful?

    A:

    The Roman military was so successful during its time because of its size, organization and strength that could not be equaled to its enemies for over a thousand years. They believed that they were the sons of the god of war and were very proud. This contributed to their success in most of their battles.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore