The ancient Romans lived in the Roman Empire. The capital of the Roman Empire was the city of Rome, which is located in present-day Italy.
At its greatest point of expansion, around 117 C.E., the Roman Empire was one of the largest empires in history. The Roman Empire encompassed approximately 5 million square kilometers when at its largest size. Its territories included land in mainland Europe, the British Isles, North Africa, Asia and the Middle East. The majority of the Roman Empire dissolved in 476 C.E., but remnants of it continued as the Byzantine Empire until it fell to the Ottoman Empire.Learn More
Some Roman innovations still in use today include paved roads, concrete, the Julian calendar and sewer systems. Many Roman inventions were necessitated by the empire's gigantic scale and population.Full Answer >
The Romans were known to be great pet enthusiasts, and ancient sources refer to dogs, cats, songbirds, parrots, monkeys, rabbits, turtles and snakes all being kept as pets. Birds were great favorites, particularly among wealthy Romans who are known to have kept swans, herons, ravens, pigeons, ducks and chickens.Full Answer >
The Romans invented concrete, paved highways, Roman arches, newspapers, welfare and aqueducts, among dozens of other innovations. While many of these inventions are now obsolete, they contributed immensely to advances in technology.Full Answer >
The Romans became powerful after Rome changed from a monarchy to a republic. As a monarchy, the city-state was unable to prevent foreign rulers from assuming power.Full Answer >