The current Royal Family, the House of Windsor, originated in 1917 when King George V proclaimed the last name of the family to be Windsor. However, the roots of the English monarchy trace back to the eighth and ninth centuries.Know More
Centralized systems of government came into existence in England sometime between 700 and 900 A.D. Offa and Alfred the Great had begun to organize tribes under a single ruler, and Anglo-Saxon and Scottish kingdoms had monarchs by the time of the Norman invasion of 1066. William the Conqueror then became the English king, and his descendants ruled in the centuries that followed.
After the death of Queen Victoria, the Virgin Queen, in 1603, the kingdoms of England and Scotland were united. In 1801, Ireland was also included in the union to form the United Kingdom.
In 1917, King George V issued a royal proclamation that established the House of Windsor, giving family members an official last name. Previously, Royal Family members were only known by the kingdom or dynasty of their origin. The current Royal Family members all hail from the House of Windsor. They include Queen Elizabeth II, and in order of succession, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Cambridge and Prince George of Cambridge.Learn more about Middle Ages
King Charles VI of France was prone to bouts of insanity where, among other things, he didn’t recognize his family or thought he was made of glass. Modern doctors think he may have suffered from schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.Full Answer >
The term for referencing a line of rulers from the same family is dependent on whether the line itself or the period of time in which the family ruled is being referenced. A monarchy is a line of rulers in which lineage determines the successor to the throne. A dynasty is a period in history in which a particular family rules a kingdom.Full Answer >
Viking funerals are characterized by preparation for the afterlife and the desire to elevate the deceased to the heavens through cremation; though there is a popular image of a boat being set aflame that is associated with Viking funerals, this was not a common practice and was mostly reserved for those who held wealth and other forms of power that could enable their surviving family members to afford to burn a boat. Cremation and burial of the cremated remains appear to be the most common practices in Viking funeral rites. Scholars have been able to gather information on Viking funerals through a combination of physical evidence and the written historical records of individuals who witnessed examples of these funerals.Full Answer >
Medieval castles were used primarily for defense, but they also provided living quarters and storage for the lord, his family and his estate. Because the lord lived within the castle walls, it was usually a center of government.Full Answer >