The current Royal Family, the House of Windsor, originated in 1917 when King George V proclaimed the last name of the family to be Windsor. However, the roots of the English monarchy trace back to the eighth and ninth centuries.Know More
Centralized systems of government came into existence in England sometime between 700 and 900 A.D. Offa and Alfred the Great had begun to organize tribes under a single ruler, and Anglo-Saxon and Scottish kingdoms had monarchs by the time of the Norman invasion of 1066. William the Conqueror then became the English king, and his descendants ruled in the centuries that followed.
After the death of Queen Victoria, the Virgin Queen, in 1603, the kingdoms of England and Scotland were united. In 1801, Ireland was also included in the union to form the United Kingdom.
In 1917, King George V issued a royal proclamation that established the House of Windsor, giving family members an official last name. Previously, Royal Family members were only known by the kingdom or dynasty of their origin. The current Royal Family members all hail from the House of Windsor. They include Queen Elizabeth II, and in order of succession, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Cambridge and Prince George of Cambridge.Learn more about Middle Ages
The Medicis were a wealthy, politically powerful Florentine family in the 14th century. They made their fortune in banking and commerce, and are best known as arts patrons whose financial support of the arts and humanities helped make Renaissance-era Florence a thriving cultural center, according to the History Channel.Full Answer >
The family life of the Incans can be described as communal and clannish. Families lived together in ayllus, which were extended families that lived and worked the land together.Full Answer >
The term for referencing a line of rulers from the same family is dependent on whether the line itself or the period of time in which the family ruled is being referenced. A monarchy is a line of rulers in which lineage determines the successor to the throne. A dynasty is a period in history in which a particular family rules a kingdom.Full Answer >
Family crests developed from coats of arms. Early coats of arms were cloth tunics that knights wore over their armor. Because a knight's armor was a symbol of his achievements, the coat of arms became a status symbol, and the family crest developed to show a knight's lineage.Full Answer >