Sacagawea changed history in many ways, due to her ability to communicate in different languages and translate the message for Lewis and Clark during the expedition of exploring the new land. She was among the first Americans to cross the continent of North America and acted as a travel guide to the team.Know More
She was kidnapped from her home country in around 1800 by Hidatsa and was sold 3 years later to Toussaint Carbonneau, a French-Canadian fur trapper. When the United States received the vast Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803, President Jefferson hired Lewis and Clark to explore the land. The land was in the same area as Sacagawea’s home, so she knew the place well, and the men were linked to her for direction.
As the only woman in a company of 40 men, Sacagawea offered much assistance essential to the expedition. Apart from her ability to communicate and translate other languages, Sacagawea could find edible plants for the team. At one point, their boat capsized and she saved some important documents, cargo and supplies. Her presence in the team represented trustworthiness and peace, because during their journey new communities were lured into befriending them when they saw her and her baby. During their return journey in 1806, she helped the team to navigate the lands that would late be known as the Sacajawea Historical Area safely.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
According to Hidatsa oral history accounts, the name of Sacagawea's mother was Otter Woman and her father was Smoked Lodge. This information was provided by a Hidatsa named Bulls Eye, who claimed to be Sacagawea's grandson.Full Answer >
Lewis and Clark were important because they undertook the first expedition to cross the western part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean. During their expedition, they explored the newly acquired lands of the Louisiana Purchase, surveyed and mapped the land, established a U.S. presence for legal purposes, made friendly contact with many Native American tribes, and scientifically studied local flora and fauna.Full Answer >
Lewis and Clark crossed the Bitterroot Mountain Range, a northern segment of the Rocky Mountains. Though the peaks of the Bitterroots average 9,000 to more than 11,000 feet, they found a westward route over the mountains through Lolo Pass, which is at an elevation of 5,236 feet.Full Answer >
Ferdinand Magellan's expedition was the first to circumnavigate the world, which means it proved that the Earth is not flat. The expedition lasted for over three years, and when it returned to Spain, only 18 members of the 270-strong crew were alive.Full Answer >