The Schlieffen plan failed because Germans underestimated Russia and the plan depended on rapid deployment, which was resisted by Belgium. This plan was designed by General Count Alfred von Schlieffen in December, 1905, with the aim of defeating France and Russia. The execution of this plan compelled Britain to declare war on Germany in 1914.
In 1914, Germans believed in a possible war with Russia. If the war happened, France would come in to support Russia because they were allies. This implied that Germany would face attacks on both sides of her borders. To prevent such a situation from occurring, Germany had to create a plan. The plan was to defeat France quickly, then attack Russia, because they knew that Russia would take a long time to mobilize troops.
According the Schlieffen Plan, German had 6 weeks to secure victory against France before fighting Russia. On August 2, 1914, Germany attacked Belgium. However, the Belgian forces, assisted by the British Expeditionary Force, was able to hold back the Germany. Russian troops mobilized within 10 days, forcing Germany to withdraw her troops and concentrate on the eastern border. On September 5, 1914, France stopped the advancement of Germany, leading to the failure of the plan.Learn More
At the onset of the World War I, Britain declared war on Germany because of their move to force Belgium to give up its neutrality and allow German troops across its borders, even after Britain demanded the halt of their actions. Britain held back its declaration until Germany fully attacked Belgium, refusing to allow the country to remain neutral. England had agreements with Russia and France that did not make them official allies, but when the Central Powers invaded the two countries Britain moved to assist them along with Belgium.Full Answer >
The Schlieffen Plan was Germany's operational doctrine at the outset of World War I. Though it nearly succeeded, the plan did not achieve its intended effect. The Schlieffen Plan was devised in 1905 as a response to the twin threats of France and Russia. It called for the swift defeat of France, which was to be followed by a transfer of troops to the Russian front before Russia could mobilize.Full Answer >
Leaders such as David Lloyd George of Great Britain, Vittorio Orlando of Italy and Georges Clemenceau of France rejected Wilson's Fourteen Points plan. These leaders were skeptical of Wilson's idealism.Full Answer >
The aim of the Schlieffen Plan was to ensure German victory in the case of a two-front war against France and Russia. It called on German forces to conquer France swiftly in the west and then pivot to take on the slower-moving Russian army in the east.Full Answer >