The Schlieffen plan failed because Germans underestimated Russia and the plan depended on rapid deployment, which was resisted by Belgium. This plan was designed by General Count Alfred von Schlieffen in December, 1905, with the aim of defeating France and Russia. The execution of this plan compelled Britain to declare war on Germany in 1914.Know More
In 1914, Germans believed in a possible war with Russia. If the war happened, France would come in to support Russia because they were allies. This implied that Germany would face attacks on both sides of her borders. To prevent such a situation from occurring, Germany had to create a plan. The plan was to defeat France quickly, then attack Russia, because they knew that Russia would take a long time to mobilize troops.
According the Schlieffen Plan, German had 6 weeks to secure victory against France before fighting Russia. On August 2, 1914, Germany attacked Belgium. However, the Belgian forces, assisted by the British Expeditionary Force, was able to hold back the Germany. Russian troops mobilized within 10 days, forcing Germany to withdraw her troops and concentrate on the eastern border. On September 5, 1914, France stopped the advancement of Germany, leading to the failure of the plan.Learn more in World War 1
Leaders such as David Lloyd George of Great Britain, Vittorio Orlando of Italy and Georges Clemenceau of France rejected Wilson's Fourteen Points plan. These leaders were skeptical of Wilson's idealism.Full Answer >
The aim of the Schlieffen Plan was to ensure German victory in the case of a two-front war against France and Russia. It called on German forces to conquer France swiftly in the west and then pivot to take on the slower-moving Russian army in the east.Full Answer >
The immediate cause of World War I was the assassination, in Sarajevo, of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne. The assassination, which was carried out by a Serbian nationalist, led to an Austrian military response that triggered a declaration of war by Russia. Germany, Austria's ally, then declared war on Russia and found itself at war with Russia's allies, France and Britain.Full Answer >
Great Britain, France, the United States and Russia made up the Allies that were victorious in World War I. The opposing forces of Germany and Austria-Hungary were referred to as the Central Powers. Italy had joined the triple alliance, but stepped back when Austria-Hungary broke the terms of the alliance.Full Answer >