In ancient Egypt, a person ascended to the throne by virtue of birth right or by being formally declared as the heir of the previous pharaoh. The pharaoh held titular names such as "Lord of the Two Lands" and "High Priest of Every Temple."
The pharaohs were the rulers of the dynasties that emerged in Egypt around 3000 B.C. The term "pharaoh" means "great house," and it originally referred to the royal palace where the pharaohs reside, but it eventually became the designation for the ruler of Egypt. Historians believe that Menes was the first pharaoh who ruled after uniting Upper and Lower Egypt. However, a study published in the September of 2013 issue of the Proceedings of the Royal Society A have concluded that King Aha was the first pharaoh of Egypt.Learn More
King Tutankhamun rose to the throne when he was just a boy in 1332 B.C. (or 1336 B.C. by some accounts) and ruled Egypt until his death in 1323 B.C. He was born around 1341 B.C.Full Answer >
The first Pharaoh of Egypt was Menes, who is also sometimes referred to as Narmer. He lived around 2925 BCE, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.Full Answer >
Menes was the first pharaoh of unified Egypt and Egyptologists place his reign somewhere between 3100 and 3050 BC. He is famous for uniting Upper and Lower Egypt and founding the first dynasty of Egypt.Full Answer >
Cleopatra is an iconic figure of ancient Egypt for a variety of reasons, according to BBC History. She was the last queen of ancient Egypt, formed alliances with Roman leaders and took her own life in a final act of defiance against the Roman Empire.Full Answer >