Since the first landing of Christopher Columbus in 1492, Native Americans were grossly mistreated, with many of them being enslaved, forced to convert to Christianity or murdered. Queen Isabella of Spain had actually decreed that the Natives were to be treated as subjects of the Spanish empire, and would therefore have the same rights as citizens, although this was almost immediately ignored.Know More
In fact, Christopher Columbus, against the orders of Queen Isabella, enslaved 500 Natives and sent them to Spain. When Queen Isabella heard of this, she said the slaves were to be freed and sent back to Hispaniola. This would be the beginning of a long-standing conflict between the policy of Spain and the actual actions that were carried out during the colonial period.
The Natives were constantly brutalized. When some rebelled, they were either killed or captured as prisoners of war and then enslaved. Each Native was required to bring the Spanish a certain amount of gold every 90 days. Failing to do so resulted in execution.
This brutal treatment of Native Americans extended to other territories, like Puerto Rico, Cuba and Jamaica. The Natives virtually disappeared from these areas, as most were either murdered or killed by the bacteria of European diseases, of which they had no biological immunity.
New laws, called "encomienda," were created that declared the Natives were part of the land. So, when settlers bought land, they also bought the inhabitants of the area. The Natives were then legally forced into enslavement. A similar law, called "mitad," forced Natives who lived within 30 miles of a mine to work there for 6 months. The work was deadly and almost always fatal, where only 1/5 of those sent to work in the mines survived.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Many white reformers believed that Native Americans should assimilate into white culture by giving up their own cultures and traditions. This goal was largely accomplished by the forced removal of Native American children from their homes.Full Answer >
Many people believe that Columbus Day should not be celebrated because Christopher Columbus committed atrocities against Native Americans. They argue that it creates a false narrative about the discovery of the Americas and contributes to the disenfranchisement of Native Americans.Full Answer >
The prevailing religion of the New England Colonies was Christianity, but along markedly different lines to the Anglican Church (or Church of England) that the settlers had fled. The Puritan approach to Christianity was to distance their practices from Catholicism, a task they considered Anglicanism to have failed at. Specifically, they rejected the episcopalian (hierarchical) structure of the Anglican Church, with its ranking of vicars, bishops and archbishops, and sought instead to implement a congregationalist structure whereby each church, or congregation, would be more or less independent and self-governing.Full Answer >
A Spanish galleon trade is the term used to describe the trade conducted by the Spanish from 1565 to 1815 across the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish used trading ships, known as Manila galleons, to transport Chinese goods to Mexico in exchange for silver from their colonies in the Americas.Full Answer >