Although historians cannot be certain, it is believed that the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza was destroyed by an Egyptian man who was angry that his offering to the gods did not result in an answered prayer to control the flood cycle. During the 15th century, historian al-Maqrizi noted that the man was later put to death for vandalizing the Sphinx, although there's no way to prove the validity of the tale.
Another legend says Napoleon was responsible for the missing nose, and that his cannon fire damaged it. Nonetheless, sketches created in 1737 suggest that the nose was missing prior to the Napoleon era, thus debunking the possibility that Napoleon damaged the nose.Learn More
Tutankhamen, commonly known as King Tut, died in Egypt circa 1323 B.C., but the exact date is unknown. In 1922, archaeologists discovered his tomb, which contained his mummified remains and thousands of artifacts.Full Answer >
King Tut's close confidant Ay succeeded him to the throne. King Ay rose through the ranks of civil and military service until he became king. His reign was short, lasting only from 1323 to 1319 BCE.Full Answer >
Cleopatra became Pharaoh upon her father's death. In his will, Ptolemy XII left the monarchy to 17-year-old Cleopatra and her 10-year-old brother, Ptolemy XIII, and they ruled Egypt together.Full Answer >
The Egyptians lived along the Nile because it provided fish, game, fruits and water in an area surrounded by desert. The dry, sandy deserts both east and west of the Nile provided protection from their enemies, allowing the people to enjoy a peaceful lifestyle.Full Answer >