Q:

What did the Spinning Jenny do?

A:

Quick Answer

The Spinning Jenny was used to spin cotton. The device was a frame that held multiple spindles, and allowed the person operating it to spin up to eight spools at once. This number increased as technology advanced.

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Full Answer

The Spinning Jenny was created by James Hargreaves, and named after his wife. His machine was an answer to the increase in demand from weavers. The demand had increased when John Kay created the flying shuttle and basically doubled the amount of work they could put out. The Spinning Jenny was the first improvement on the spinning wheel since its invention. The machine was one of the early examples of what is referred to as the mechanical advantage, showing how much work can be accomplished by machines versus man.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    When did James Hargreaves invent the Spinning Jenny?

    A:

    James Hargreaves, a British weaver, invented the spinning jenny in 1764 and applied for a patent in 1770. The spinning jenny revolutionized the textile industry by streamlining the process of spinning cotton into workable thread.

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  • Q:

    Who invented the spinning jenny?

    A:

    The "spinning Jenny" was invented by a weaver named James Hargreaves. Hargreaves allegedly got his idea after his daughter knocked over a spinning wheel, which led to him naming the machine after her. The spinning Jenny not only helped improve the speed of spinning, but also the effectiveness of weaving.

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  • Q:

    What did the cotton gin do?

    A:

    The cotton gin, patented by Eli Whitney in 1794, was a machine that efficiently removed seeds from cotton fibers. This revolutionary device made it possible for cotton to become the leading American export by the middle of the 1800s. Unfortunately, it also strengthened the institution of slavery.

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  • Q:

    How did the spinning jenny change society?

    A:

    The spinning jenny changed the society of England, and eventually others across the world, by expediting production of textile products, which in turn expedited output volume. The spinning jenny essentially turned textile production from a domestic activity and specialized craft into a commercial operation. The increased output of textiles boosted economic output and trade in England, Europe and eventually the United States.

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