Q:

How did Stalin come to power?

A:

Quick Answer

Stalin came to power when Lenin died in 1924 by outmaneuvering his rivals to become the head of the Communist Party and then the dictator of the Soviet Union. Lenin was exiled in Switzerland in 1912 when he appointed Joseph Stalin to serve for the Bolshevik Party on the first Central Committee.

Know More
How did Stalin come to power?
Credit: Keystone Hulton Archive Getty Images

Full Answer

Three years after the formation of the first Central Committee, the Bolsheviks took power in Russia. The Soviet Union was founded five years later in 1922, and Lenin was chosen as the first leader. Stalin stayed within the Bolshevik group during this time and rose up the party ladder. In 1922, he was made the secretary general of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. This new role allowed him to give his allies government jobs. This, in turn, grew his political support base.

Lenin died in 1924, and this is when Stalin seized his high-power position of the leader of the Communist party and the director of the Soviet Union. During his reign, Stalin launched a series of five-year plans. These plans were set to transform the Soviet Union from a peasant, weak country to an industrial, national power country. His plan relied on government control of the economy and forced the collectivization of Soviet agriculture. This led to a famine as many farmers refused to cooperate and were either shot or exiled. The famine killed millions.

Learn more in Modern Europe
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did the economy under Stalin differ from a capitalist economy?

    A:

    The major difference between the economy under Stalin and that under a capitalist economy is Stalin's policy of state ownership of the means of production. This was an extension of his particular interpretation of communism. With initiatives like the Five-Year Plan and the collectivization of agriculture, Stalin essentially brought all vital sectors of the economy under state control, something that theories of capitalism reject.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How did Joseph Stalin become the leader of the Soviet Union?

    A:

    Joseph Stalin's first step into significant power came in 1922, when he became the General Secretary of the Communist Party, a position he held until his death. He was never elected into office and got his power through a series of intelligent maneuvers.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How many people did Joseph Stalin kill?

    A:

    Because of his single-mindedness and brutality, Soviet Union dictator Joseph Stalin is responsible for the deaths of an estimated 20 million people. The casualties began early in his reign during the 1920s.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What caused the Seven Years' War and what resulted from it?

    A:

    The Seven Years' War (1756-1763) was caused by ongoing tension between Great Britain and France as well as Russian and Austrian fears of Prussia's growing power in Europe, and it resulted in further colonial supremacy for Great Britain and widespread acknowledgement of Prussia as a major European power. However, the great cost at which Prussia defeated its southern neighbor also restored Austria's military reputation after its humiliation in the War of Austrian Succession, and while the war paved the way for British domination in India, it forced caused Great Britain to pass laws to pacify its new Canadian possessions that ended up sparking the American Revolutionary War.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore