The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany by taking away territories and overseas colonies, reducing the size of the nation's army and forcing Germany to pay reparations. Essentially, Germany was forced to take the blame for World War I.Know More
Under the treaty, Germany had to give up land to France, Belgium, Czechoslavakia, Denmark and Poland, including West Prussia, Alsace-Lorraine, Northern Schleswig, Eupen and Malmedy. Germany's overseas colonies, furthermore, were surrendered to the control of the League of Nations.
The "War Guilt Clause," or Article 231, placed blame for the war on Germany. Thus, Germany had to take responsibility for reparation payments, especially to France and Belgium. The German Army was limited to 100,000 men, submarines and the Air Force were banned and the German Navy could not consist of vessels weighing over 100,000 tons. Germany was also forced to hold war crime trials.Learn more about World War 1
The purpose of the Treaty of Versailles, outside of establishing guidelines for continued peace, was to put strict treaty obligations on Germany in hopes of preventing further war and make the country pay reparations for the damages caused during the war. One of the key points of the treaty was the War Guilt Clause, making Germany accept that they held complete responsibility for initiating World War I.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I granted Italy a seat on the League of Nations, a share in German war reparations and control of the Tyrol region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Italy had expected much more, fueling resentment that would lead to the rise of fascism.Full Answer >
The United States rejected the Treaty of Versailles due to the opposition of a group of senators called the Irreconcilables, who believed that under the terms of the treaty, the United States would lose too much of its autonomy to the League of Nations. All of the Irreconcilables were enemies of President Woodrow Wilson, who originally advocated for the League of Nations and helped compose the details of the treaty.Full Answer >
At the onset of the World War I, Britain declared war on Germany because of their move to force Belgium to give up its neutrality and allow German troops across its borders, even after Britain demanded the halt of their actions. Britain held back its declaration until Germany fully attacked Belgium, refusing to allow the country to remain neutral. England had agreements with Russia and France that did not make them official allies, but when the Central Powers invaded the two countries Britain moved to assist them along with Belgium.Full Answer >